English Language Modules

The Department offers an exciting and holistic range of modules that investigate linguistic phenomena in multicultural and international contexts. This includes linguistic patterning at the levels of word, sentence and text; how language is acquired and developed in children as well as in adults in bilingual environments or in situations of brain impairment; how language evolves and changes over time and space; how and why there are many varieties of language (for example, American, British and Singaporean English); how language is used in everyday and institutional contexts and interacts in complex ways with the situational environment, socio-cultural practices and ideology; and how the study of language interacts with other fields like literature, semiotics and popular culture. Bringing together theory, description, and application, the modules provide a firm foundation in these areas of inquiry at the introductory levels, and offer opportunities for in-Department and self-directed study at more advanced levels.

Unless otherwise stated, all level 1000–3000 modules carry 4 modular credits (MCs), while all level 4000 modules carry 5 MCs (except EL4401 which carries 15 MCs).

Modules offered in AY2016/2017 Semester 1

Rebecca Lurie STARR

This introductory overview of linguistics aims at equipping students with a solid foundation in the object, methods and goals of the science of spoken language, the prime tool of human communication. Through a principled analysis of patterns of sound, form and meaning at the levels of word, sentence and text, students will gain insight into what it means to say that language is a rule-governed system and an organic whole. The results of this exploration will be useful to those interested in the relationship between language and mind, society and culture.

Pre-requisite: Exempted from NUS Qualifying English Test, or passed NUS Qualifying English Test, or exempted from further CELC Remedial English modules.
Preclusion: GEK1011
Cross-listing: GEK1011
Leslie LEE

This module introduces students to phonetics, which is concerned with how speech sounds are made. We will learn about the human speech apparatus in detail, and the mechanisms that are involved in speech sound production. The focus is on the sound inventory of English. We will develop a set of rules which tell us how sounds are combined into syllables and syllables into even larger units, such as feet. We will learn some of the common sound changes and ways to analyse such changes. The module teaches basic conceptual tools that will allow students to analyse the sound system of English.

Pre-requisite: EL1101E or GEK1011
Preclusion: EL2202
Rebecca Lurie STARR

This module considers how variation in language use relates to broader variation in the daily experiences of individuals and groups. Students examine how language constructs cultural abstractions such as social class, gender, and power relations and how these abstractions play out in language varieties and shape their defining characteristics. The module should appeal to students who wish to explore the interaction of language and society by drawing on linguistics, sociology, anthropology, and psychology, and to understand the practical implications of language variation for language policy and language education in multilingual societies such as Singapore.

Pre-requisite: EL1101E or GEK1011
Preclusion: EL2251
SATO Yosuke

Building on the knowledge of English morphology and syntax developed at Levels-1000 and 2000, this module aims to give students a deeper understanding of the morphological and syntactic structure of English, in relation to crosslinguistic patterns. With an emphasis on evidence and argumentation, the module will help students understand the interconnectedness of the analyses of apparently unrelated phenomena, and develop a sense of the organic unity of language structure. This module will provide a crucial foundation for the further study of morphology and syntax, and their applications.

Pre-requisite: EL2101 or EL2201
Lionel WEE

This module introduces students to the key concepts in semantics and pragmatics. In order to test the usefulness of these concepts, students will learn to apply them to the analysis of data. The major topics covered may include some or all of the following: sense; reference; mental representation; word meaning and lexical relations, event and participant types; conceptual structure; deixis; entailment and presupposition; the role of context in interpretation; conventional and conversational implicatures; direct and indirect speech acts; and politeness.

Pre-requisite: EL1101E or GEK1011
Leslie LEE

This module provides an introduction to the study of word structure. It presents an overview of the major theoretical debates in this field and compares the main approaches to morphological analysis. Starting with the core areas of inflection and derivation, we examine the distinction between words and phrases, as well as the interactions between morphology and syntax on the one hand, and phonology on the other. The synchronic study of word structure is covered, as are the phenomena of diachronic change, such as analogy and grammaticalization. Students will be exposed to a broad range of morphological phenomena from different languages.

Pre-requisite: EL1101E or GEK1011
Vincent OOI

The vast worldwide computer network collectively known as the Internet (and its graphical interface, the World Wide Web) provides a new environment and technologies of communication (e.g., Internet Relay Chat, bulletin board systems etc.) that challenge current assumptions regarding the nature of speech, writing, community and society. Since English is the principal language of the Internet, this module aims to examine the ways in which the language is being (re)formulated on the Web, especially in multilingual settings. The module focuses on the study and management of electronic language evidence on the Web.

Pre-requisite: EL1101E or GEK1011
SATO Yosuke

This module has two broad aims. The first is to familiarise students with the core theoretical ideas shared by current syntactic frameworks, and to provide a sense of what it takes to pursue theoretically informed research in syntax that involves a technical framework of representations and principles. The second aim is to develop in students the abilities and thinking habits required for theoretical research in syntax. The acquaintance with linguistic theory and the practice in the linguist’s modes of thinking developed in the module will help students engage in meaningful research in syntax.

Pre-requisite:
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL, and EL3201, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL, and EL3201, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Peter TAN

This module focuses on how the phenomenon of discourse might be analysed and will consider how a number of frameworks can be used in a complementary fashion to give a fuller description of discourse. These include the frameworks of register and genre; speech-act theory; co-operation; face and politeness; exchange structure and conversation analysis. This module is appropriate for students reading or intending to read Honours in English Language.

Pre-requisite:
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Mie HIRAMOTO

This is a module on feminist thought and gender research scholarship. Using select texts, students will be introduced to the language and gender literature, and then guided through textual critique from a feminist viewpoint. In this way, this module introduces students to some key feminist linguistic issues and what it means to read from a feminist viewpoint. This module is suitable for students with a keen interest in feminism and gender issues.

Pre-requisite:
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL or 28 MCs in EN, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL or 28 MCs in EN, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
For EN majors: EL1101E/GEK1011 is not a pre-requisite for EL4253; however, it is strongly recommended.
Michelle LAZAR

This module focuses on the interrelations between language, ideology and power within contemporary society. It examines key concepts and ideas investigated by a range of scholars working within a critical perspective. Topics covered include: the structuring influence of language on worldviews; the construal of particular realities through patterned linguistic choices; the inclusion/exclusion, privileging/marginalizing of different social groups through language policies and practices affecting the use (or disuse) of particular language varieties. Target students: those with an active interest in the social and political aspects of language use, willing to articulate their own positions amid lively and complex debate.

Pre-requisite:
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL or 28 MCs in GL/GL recognised non-language modules, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Modular credits: 15      

The Honours Thesis is usually done in the final semester of a student’s pursuing an Honours degree. Students intending to read this module are expected to consult prospective supervisors the semester before they read this module and provide a research proposal. A wide range of topics is acceptable provided it highlights a language issue.

Pre-requisite:
Cohort 2012 and before: Completed 110 MCs, including 60 MCs of EL major requirements with a minimum CAP of 3.50.
Cohort 2013-2015: Completed 110 MCs including 60 MCs of EL major requirements with a minimum SJAP of 4.00 and CAP of 3.50, or with recommendation by the programme committee. Students may seek a waiver of the SJAP pre-requisite from the department if they have a minimum CAP of 4.25 after completing 110 MCs.
Cohort 2016 onwards: Completed 110 MCs including 44 MCs of EL major requirements with a minimum SJAP of 4.00 and CAP of 3.50, or with recommendation by the programme committee. Students may seek a waiver of the SJAP pre-requisite from the department if they have a minimum CAP of 4.25 after completing 110 MCs.
Preclusion: EL4660
Note: Please register EL4401 manually with the Department.
Documents containing important information on EL4401 should be downloaded from “Documents and Forms.
The Independent Study Module is designed to enable the student to explore in depth an approved topic within the discipline . The student should approach a lecturer to work out an agreed topic, readings, and assignments for the module. A formal, written agreement is to be drawn up, giving a clear account of the topic, programme of study, assignments, evaluation, and other pertinent details. The Head’s and/or Honours Coordinator’s approval of the written agreement is required. Regular meetings and reports are expected. Evaluation is based on 100% Continuous Assessment and must be worked out between the student and the lecturer prior to seeking departmental approval.

Pre-requisite:
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 100 MCs, including 60 MCs in EL, with a minimum CAP of 3.50.
Cohort 2012-2015: Completed 100 MCs, including 60 MCs in EL, with a minimum CAP of 3.20.
Cohort 2016 onwards: Completed 100 MCs, including 44 MCs in EL, with a minimum CAP of 3.20.
Preclusion: EL4401
Note: Please register EL4660 manually with the Department.
Documents containing important information on EL4660 should be downloaded from “Documents and Forms.”
Justina ONG

This module explores current research in second language writing and encompasses the investigation of both processes and products of writing. The module will draw on theories principally developed from first language research. The topics addressed will include theories in writing, composing processes (planning, transcribing, and revising), methodology of writing research (concurrent think-aloud and retrospection), written text features (textual and grammatical), assessment of writing (holistic and analytical rubrics), and characteristics of writers.

Pre-requisite:
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion: EL5880B, EL5880BR
Michael ERLEWINE

This module aims to ground graduate students in a solid conceptual, analytical, and empirical foundation for doing research in syntax and semantics. It examines a range of core empirical phenomena that have been important in the development of modern linguistic theory and that remain central to current linguistic frameworks (e.g. passive, infinitival constructions, relative clauses, wh-constructions, binding, etc.). Core theoretical notions to be covered include: phrase structure, grammatical relations, subcategorization, and lexical entries.
Mie HIRAMOTO

This module surveys major approaches and current issues relevant to the study of language in society. It aims to familiarise students with a range of theoretical and conceptual frameworks they may refer to in addressing sociolinguistic questions across a variety of sites and to provide general principles that they may consider when engaged in the study of language in social context. For this purpose, it will critically discuss classical and contemporary research to explore the historical background, prevailing assumptions, methodological perspectives, and analytic strengths of different approaches to language in society, and consider recent developments in the field.

Preclusion: EL5250
BAO Zhiming

This module focuses on languages evolving in multilingual settings out of radical contact situations. Commonly referred to as “Pidgins”, “Creoles” and “mixed languages”, these languages are spoken mainly in the Caribbean and Asia-Pacific regions. We concentrate on English-lexified contact varieties and investigate the interaction of typological features and sociolinguistic factors determining language change in contact situations. We also discuss the most salient issues within the field of Language Contact such as: (i) Creoles as a synchronically viable structural class; (ii) restructuring patterns, creolisation and universal patterns of language change; (iii) pidgnisation; (iv) ideology and classification.
Justina ONG

This module will explore approaches to analysing both written and spoken discourses. Students will learn the analytical tools used to describe features of both modes of discourses. They will be encouraged to explore current research in discourse analysis. There may be a specific focus on particular kinds of discourse (classroom, computer-mediated, media, legal, political, etc.), depending on the expertise and interest of the lecturer. Students will be encouraged to collect and analyse their own data for the assignment.
Michelle LAZAR

This module aims to cultivate an understanding both of the relationship between discourse and ideology and of the textual construction of knowledge. Students will be exposed to a critical deconstruction of different kinds of socio-political discourses (including discourses about gender and race, etc.) with specific attention to ideological positionings, and the role ideology plays in the knowledge construction process. Through this module, students will acquire critical skills in reading texts and come to appreciate the different kinds of textual and ideological strategies used in the formation of knowledge.
Independent research plays an important role in graduate education. The Independent Study Module is designed to enable the student to explore in depth an approved topic in English Language. The student should approach a lecturer to work out an agreed topic, readings, and assignments for the module. A formal, written agreement is to be drawn up, giving a clear account of the topic, programme of study, assignments, evaluation, and other pertinent details. The Head’s and/or Graduate Coordinator’s approval of the written agreement is required. Regular meetings and reports are expected. Evaluation is based on 100% Continuous Assessment and must be worked out between the student and the lecturer prior to seeking departmental approval.

Note:
(1) Word limit: 5,000 – 6,000 words. (2) Workload: Minimum 10 hours per week. The precise breakdown of contact hours, assignment and preparation is to be worked out between the lecturer and the student, subject to Departmental approval.
Independent research plays an important role in graduate education. The Independent Study Module is designed to enable the student to explore in depth an approved topic in Language Study. The student should approach a lecturer to work out an agreed topic, readings, and assignments for the module. The Head’s and/or Graduate Coordinator’s approval is required. Regular meetings and reports are expected. Evaluation is based on 100% Continuous Assessment and must be worked out between the student and the lecturer prior to seeking departmental approval.

Note:
(1) Word limit: 7,000 – 8,000 words. (2) Workload: Minimum 10 hours per week. The precise breakdown of contact hours, assignment and preparation is to be worked out between the lecturer and the student, subject to Departmental approval.

Modules offered in AY2016/2017 Semester 2

Leslie LEE

This introductory overview of linguistics aims at equipping students with a solid foundation in the object, methods and goals of the science of spoken language, the prime tool of human communication. Through a principled analysis of patterns of sound, form and meaning at the levels of word, sentence and text, students will gain insight into what it means to say that language is a rule-governed system and an organic whole. The results of this exploration will be useful to those interested in the relationship between language and mind, society and culture.

Pre-requisite: Exempted from NUS Qualifying English Test, or passed NUS Qualifying English Test, or exempted from further CELC Remedial English modules.
Preclusion: GEK1011
Cross-listing: GEK1011
Leslie LEE

This module explores language structure, in particular, patterns of sentence structure (syntax) and of meaning (semantics) in English. Concepts to be discussed include: grammatical categories, grammatical functions, semantic relations, and their hierarchical composition in sentences; various other syntactic and semantic notions; and the relationship between grammar and meaning. A key feature of the module is its emphasis on the evidence and argumentation that bears upon the representation of structure and principles of grammar that we postulate. The module provides the foundation for the study of advanced modules in syntax and semantics.

Pre-requisite: EL1101E or GEK1011
Preclusion: EL2201
Peter TAN Kok Wan

The module aims to introduce how language change can take place orthographically, phonologically, grammatically and lexically. These changes do not take place at random but can be usefully accounted for by considering the socio-cultural contexts of use. The major topics covered include the history of English in Britain, English in North America and the New Englishes including Singaporean English. This module is suitable for students intending to read English Language as a major, as well as other interested students.

Pre-requisite: EL1101E or GEK1011
Preclusion: EL2211
BAO Zhiming

In this module, we study the sound pattern of English, with an eye on developing a deeper understanding of the phonological phenomena in English in relation to crosslinguistic patterns. We investigate the segmental properties - phonemes and their distribution and alternation; as well as suprasegmental properties - how segments are organised into syllables, syllables into feet, and feet into words. As part of the phonetic bases for phonological patterns, we study the speech organs, the description and classification of speech sounds, and other aspects of articulatory phonetics relevant for phonological patterns.

Pre-requisite: EL2102 or EL2202
Mie HIRAMOTO

This module introduces students to the phenomenon of language contact. We will explore sociolinguistic conditions of language contact, and how these conditions lead to contact-induced linguistic change. The study of contact languages is a study of how new forms of language emerge from contact ecologies. The main focus of the module is on the linguistic properties of contact languages, such as Chinese Pidgin English and Singapore Colloquial English, and on the theoretical issues of language emergence.

Pre-requisite: EL1101E or GEK1011
Michael ERLEWINE

This module develops practical skills in linguistic fieldwork. The centrepiece of the module is the investigation of an unfamiliar language through structured interviews with native speakers. Students will elicit, record, transcribe, and organize linguistic data. Together we will gain a basic understanding of aspects of the grammar of the language. Students will also develop original hypotheses regarding the language’s structure, test these hypotheses, and share their findings through written reports. Ethical issues that arise in conducting linguistic fieldwork will also be discussed.

Pre-requisite: (i) EL1101E/GEK1011, (ii) EL2201 or EL2101, and (iii) EL2202 or EL2102
Nala LEE

The study of language typology and universals is concerned with the evaluation of how the various linguistic subsystems in any language differ from those found in most other languages, and whether linguistic diversity is a norm or otherwise. In this introduction to typology, students will acquire a fundamental overview of the grammatical make-up of languages, and an appreciation for an important approach in contemporary linguistics. Language typology contributes to and draws on core areas of linguistics such as phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, and language acquisition, among others.

Pre-requisite: EL2101 or EL2201
Joseph PARK

Each of us occupies a number of different identities at any one time: Singaporean, foreigner, male, female, student, native speaker, etc. These identities are not merely how we categorise ourselves; they are also ways in which OTHERS classify us. Consequently, our identities serve a GATEKEEPING function in society, allowing us selective access to social and economic goods. This introductory module examines how language helps construct identities, and how identities themselves can construct what counts as a language. Students will understand how processes such as group differentiation and the distribution of cultural capital are negotiated, legitimised, and ultimately, ideologised.

Pre-requisite: EL2151 or EL2251
Michelle LAZAR

The module aims to encourage a critical understanding of the significant role the media play in shaping our beliefs, values, and identities in contemporary social life. Topics covered: key social, cultural and political issues pertaining to texts and practices of specific types of media. These issues will be approached from an interdisciplinary perspective that brings together media, cultural, and discourse studies. Target students: those with a keen interest in the media, and who are open to interdisciplinary study.

Pre-requisite: EL1101E or GEK1011
Justina ONG

This module introduces students to some key topics in the field of applied linguistics (Second Language Learning and Teaching). Topics covered may include description of language and language use, the four language skills (reading, writing, speaking, and listening), and individual differences in language learning (age, noticing, language learning strategies, language learning styles, motivation, and self‐efficacy) and how such differences influence language performance and learning. Students will reflect on implications of selected theories and research findings for second language learning and teaching.

Prerequisite: EL1101E or GEK1011. Students should have a strong interest in reading about second language learning and teaching.
Preclusion: EL3880F
Michael ERLEWINE

The goal of this module is to develop a concrete, compositional mapping between the syntactic structure of linguistic expressions and their interpreted meanings, based primarily on the study of English data. Emphasis will be placed on precise, formal descriptions of meanings as truth conditions and their computation. The contribution of the conversational context will also be discussed. Basic knowledge of English syntactic structure will be assumed.

Pre-requisite:
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL and EL3201, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL and EL3201, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Vincent OOI

With special reference to English in multilingual and multicultural settings, this module introduces students to the study of words from both lexicological (theory) and lexicographical (practice) perspectives. It aims to equip participants with a critical awareness of the notion of the word and its attendant sources of evidence, the organisation of the mental lexicon, and the publication of words in the form of print, online and standalone electronic dictionaries.

Pre-requisite:
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Ismail TALIB

This module aims to introduce students to some essential literary-critical and linguistic concepts in the study of narrative. One of its central themes will be the relationship between system and structure in narrative, and how this can be derived from a similar relationship in linguistics. Students will be analysing the narrative content of written, oral and cinematographic texts during the semester.

Pre-requisite:
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs, including (i) EL1101E and (ii)28 MCs in EL or 28 MCs in EN, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs, including (i) EL1101E and (ii)28 MCs in EL or 28 MCs in EN, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Lionel WEE

This module focuses on the consequences of the spread of English as a world language. Key topics covered include: the rise of linguistic instrumentalism; the marginalisation of other languages and their speakers/cultures; the question of how various Englishes should be ideologically positioned and the relationship between language and modernity. Target students: Those who are willing to critically engage in a debate on what it means to be a ‘world language’ as well those who are interested in gaining a deeper appreciation of the impact of English on the world and vice versa.

Pre-requisite:
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs, including 28 MCs in EL or 28 MCs in GL/GL recognised non-language modules, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.

Peter TAN

This module introduces students to ways in which dramatic discourse may be analysed so that an evidenced interpretation of a dramatic passage may be provided. Students will be introduced to a number of frameworks, especially those used to deal with discourse such as speech-act theory, the co-operative principle, face and politeness, and critical discourse approaches. This module is suitable for honours students in Theatre Studies as well as other interested students.
Modular credits: 15      

The Honours Thesis is usually done in the final semester of a student’s pursuing an Honours degree. Students intending to read this module are expected to consult prospective supervisors the semester before they read this module and provide a research proposal. A wide range of topics is acceptable provided it highlights a language issue.

Pre-requisite:
Cohort 2012 and before: Completed 110 MCs, including 60 MCs of EL major requirements with a minimum CAP of 3.50.
Cohort 2013-2015: Completed 110 MCs including 60 MCs of EL major requirements with a minimum SJAP of 4.00 and CAP of 3.50, or with recommendation by the programme committee. Students may seek a waiver of the SJAP pre-requisite from the department if they have a minimum CAP of 4.25 after completing 110 MCs.
Cohort 2016 onwards: Completed 110 MCs including 44 MCs of EL major requirements with a minimum SJAP of 4.00 and CAP of 3.50, or with recommendation by the programme committee. Students may seek a waiver of the SJAP pre-requisite from the department if they have a minimum CAP of 4.25 after completing 110 MCs.
Preclusion: EL4660
Note: Please register EL4401 manually with the Department.
Documents containing important information on EL4401 should be downloaded from “Documents and Forms.
The Independent Study Module is designed to enable the student to explore in depth an approved topic within the discipline . The student should approach a lecturer to work out an agreed topic, readings, and assignments for the module. A formal, written agreement is to be drawn up, giving a clear account of the topic, programme of study, assignments, evaluation, and other pertinent details. The Head’s and/or Honours Coordinator’s approval of the written agreement is required. Regular meetings and reports are expected. Evaluation is based on 100% Continuous Assessment and must be worked out between the student and the lecturer prior to seeking departmental approval.

Pre-requisite:
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 100 MCs, including 60 MCs in EL, with a minimum CAP of 3.50.
Cohort 2012-2015: Completed 100 MCs, including 60 MCs in EL, with a minimum CAP of 3.20.
Cohort 2016 onwards: Completed 100 MCs, including 44 MCs in EL, with a minimum CAP of 3.20.
Preclusion: EL4401
Note: Please register EL4660 manually with the Department.
Documents containing important information on EL4660 should be downloaded from “Documents and Forms.”
BAO Zhiming

The module covers the foundational knowledge of the sound pattern of human language. Major topics include how speech sounds are made and transmitted, and how they pattern, drawing data primarily from English and other familiar languages. Students will learn the conceptual tools and technical skills in the analysis of speech data.
Nala LEE

Typology and universals are concerned with how the pieces of languages are put together, what they contain, and how and why they interact and function as they do. Students acquire a broad overview of the grammatical make-up of languages and an understanding of an important approach in contemporary linguistics. Typology contributes to and draws on core areas of linguistics that students have studied.
Rebecca Lurie STARR

The study of variation and change in language employs quantitative statistical methods to account for phenomena in real-world language data. This module familiarises students with the major questions and methodologies of variationist research in sociolinguistics and corpus linguistics. Students will learn about the stylistic, social, and linguistic factors that influence how language is produced and perceived, and explore how data drawn from speech, texts, social media, and experimental methods are used to investigate variation. This module will prepare students to pursue independent research incorporating quantitative methods.
Justina ONG

This module explores current research in second language writing and encompasses the investigation of both processes and products of writing. The module will examine theories in writing (including L1 theories) and the role theories and models plays in second language writing research. The topics addressed will include the cognitive processes in writing, the distribution of processes on writing performance, individual differences in writing (for examples, self-efficacy beliefs, motivation, and strategies), the methodology and tools researchers use to investigate the processes in writing, and the assessment of written texts.

Preclusion: EL5880B
Independent research plays an important role in graduate education. The Independent Study Module is designed to enable the student to explore in depth an approved topic in English Language. The student should approach a lecturer to work out an agreed topic, readings, and assignments for the module. A formal, written agreement is to be drawn up, giving a clear account of the topic, programme of study, assignments, evaluation, and other pertinent details. The Head’s and/or Graduate Coordinator’s approval of the written agreement is required. Regular meetings and reports are expected. Evaluation is based on 100% Continuous Assessment and must be worked out between the student and the lecturer prior to seeking departmental approval.

Note:
(1) Word limit: 5,000 – 6,000 words. (2) Workload: Minimum 10 hours per week. The precise breakdown of contact hours, assignment and preparation is to be worked out between the lecturer and the student, subject to Departmental approval.
Independent research plays an important role in graduate education. The Independent Study Module is designed to enable the student to explore in depth an approved topic in Language Study. The student should approach a lecturer to work out an agreed topic, readings, and assignments for the module. The Head’s and/or Graduate Coordinator’s approval is required. Regular meetings and reports are expected. Evaluation is based on 100% Continuous Assessment and must be worked out between the student and the lecturer prior to seeking departmental approval.

Note:
(1) Word limit: 7,000 – 8,000 words. (2) Workload: Minimum 10 hours per week. The precise breakdown of contact hours, assignment and preparation is to be worked out between the lecturer and the student, subject to Departmental approval.

Yosuke SATO

This is a required module for all research Masters and Ph.D. students admitted from AY2004/05. The module provides a forum for students and faculty to share their research and to engage one another critically in discussion of their current research projects. The module will include presentations by faculty on research ethics and dissertation writing. Each student is required to present a formal research paper. Active participation in all research presentations is expected. The module may be spread over two semesters and will be graded “Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory” on the basis of student presentation and participation.