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Treaty of Karlowitz, 1699

Treaty of Peace concluded between Leopold the most August Emperor of Germany, and Mustapha Han, Sultan of the Turks, by the Mediation of William III. King of Great Britain, and the Lords the States General of the United Netherlands, at the Congress of Carlowitz in the County of Szerem, the 26th of January, 1699.

        In the Name of the most Holy and Undivided Trinity,

        IN perpetual Memory of the Thing, Be it known to all to whom it doth appertain, That after sixteen Years cruel and destructive War, between the most Serene and most Potent Prince and Lord Leopold (with his full Titles) on the one part, and the most Serene and most Potent Prince and Lord, Sultan Mustapha Han, Emperor of the Turks, and of Asia and Greece, and his glorious Predecessors on the other part ; the said most Potent Emperors considering how much Blood has been spilt, and how many Provinces have been laid waste, taking Companion at the afflicted Condition of their Subjects, and being seriously inclin'd to put an end to such great Calamitys increasing every Day to the Danger of Mankind, God thro' his Mercy has permitted, that by the Mediation of the most Serene and most Potent Prince and Lord William III. King of Great Britain, France and Ireland and the High and Mighty Lords the States General of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, solemn Treatys shou’d for this Cause be set on foot, and concluded at Carlowitz in Sirmium, near the Confines of both Empires ; where the Persons lawfully constituted Ambassadors Plenipotentiary, appearing together, viz. in the Name of his Sacred Imperial Majesty of the Romans, the most Illustrious and most excellent Lords, the Lord Wolfgang, Count of the Holy Roman Empire, by the Title of Count of Ottingen Lord of the Bedchamber to his Sacred Imperial Majesty, Privy Counsellor and President of the Imperial Aulic Council ; and the Lord Leopold Schlick, Count of the Holy Roman Empire, with the Title of Count of Passaw and Weiskirchen, a Lord of the Bedchamber also to his said Sacred Imperial Majesty, and Colonel of a Regiment of Dragoons, both deputed Ambassadors Extraordinary, and Plenipotentiarys for a Treaty of Peace with the Ottoman Porte : And in the Name of his Imperial Ottoman Majesty, the most illustrious and excellent Lords, the Lord Mehemet Effendi, High Chancellor of the Ottoman Empire, and the Lord Alexander Mauro Cordato, of the Noble House of the Scarlati, Privy Counsellor and Secretary of the said Empire, with the Intervention and good Officces of the most illustrious and excellent Lords, the Lord William Paget, Baron of Beaudefort, for the most Serene King of Great Britain, and Heer James Colyer for the High and Mighty States General of the United Netherlands, both Ambassadors at the Sublime Ottoman Porte, and Plenipotentiarys for re-establishing a universal Peace; who discharg'd the Mediators Office with Integrity, Diligence and Wisdom, and after invoking the Help of the everlasting God, and duly exchanging their Credentials, have to the Glory of the Divine Being, and to the Welfare of both Empires, agreed on the twenty following Articles of mutual Peace and Concord.

        I. The Country of Transilvania shall remain entire as it is now in the Possession and Dominion of his Imperial Majesty, and shall be circumscribed from the Confines of Podolia to the extreme Frontier of Wallachia, with its Mountains, which before the present War, were the antient Boundarys between Transilvania on one part, and Wallachia and Moldavia on the other ; and from the Confines of Wallachia, to the River Marosche, with its Mountains also, which were the antient Boundarys : so that by observing the antient Boundarys on both sides, the same shall not be extended on either side.

        II. The Province subject to the Castle of Temeswaer, with all its Districts and Rivers, shall remain in the Possession and Power of the sublime Ottoman Porte. And the antient Limits of Transilvania, establish'd in the foregoing Article, from the extreme Frontier of Wallachia to the River Marosche, shall be its Limits on the side of Transilvania. Thence its Boundarys shall be carry'd on from the hither Banks of the Marosche to the River Teysse, and from the hither Bank of the Teysse to the Danube : But the Places within the Limits, viz. Caransebes, Lugas, Lippa, Csanad, Kiscanisia, Betscke, Betskerck, and the hither Sablia, and between the antient Limits of Transilvania, as they were settled before the War, and what other Place soever be found according to the Rule abovemention'd, between the Banks of the Marosche and the Teysse, in the Territorys of Temeswaer, shall be demolish'd by the Imperialists, on this Condition that they shall never be rebuilt by virtue of any other Treaty. And the said Country of Temeswaer shall be left altogether free ; and no other Places, either greater or less, which have the appearance of a Fortification, shall hereafter be built, either in the said Places, or near the Banks of the Marosche and the Teysse.

        The Use of the Rivers Marosche and Teysse, between the Province of Temeswaer and the Provinces subject to the Emperor's Power and Possession, shall be common to the Subjects of both Empires, whether for watering of Cattle of all forts, or for Fishing, or other Conveniences necessary for the Subjects.

        And whereas Ships of Burden bound from the Parts abovemention'd, subject to the Imperial Dominion, either in passing or repassing thro' the River Marosche to the River Teysse, or thro' the Teysse to the Danube, ought not to meet with any Obstruction ; the Navigation of the German Ships, or of any others - which are subject  to the Emperor, shall by no means be disturb'd in their Passage to and fro, but the same shall be freely and commodiously  carry'd on every where in both the said Rivers : and for the preservation of a reciprocal Friendship and Good-will, the Subjects of the Ottoman Porte shall share the Conveniences of the said Rivers, without any Hindrance to the Fisher-Boats, and Mills shall be plac'd by the Participation and Consent of the Governours of both Dominions, only in such places where they may not be a Hindrance to the Navigation of either Empire. But left the Passage of the Imperial Ships shou'd suffer any Detriment, by turning off the Water of the Marosche, it shall not be lawful to divert or turn off the Water of the said Rivers, for the fake of Mills, or on any other account.

        All the Islands whatsoever in the said Rivers, which are actually in the Emperor's Power, shall remain as they are in his Possession ; and the Subjects of both Dominions shall live peaceably and quietly, and be restrain'd by the severest Edicts from Insults, and from Breach of the Articles.

        III. Whereas the Country between the Rivers Teysse and Danube, commonly call'd Batska, is in the sole Possession and Power of his Imperial Majesty, so it shall remain hereafter in the said Imperial Power and Dominion, and Titul shall never be more fortify'd than it is.

        IV. A Line mall be drawn from the extremity of the Strand on this side the Teysse over against Titul, and from the Angle of Land which is there form'd by the Conjunction of the Teysse and the Danube, quite to the Bank of the Danube ; and another Line from the hither side of the Teysse to the River Bossut, and to the hither Bank of Moravitz, and from thence to the Place where the biggest Branch of the Bossut falls into the Save : and there shall be no Fortification upon the Moravitz, but only open Villages built on both sides of it, so that the said Line shall be confirm'd and distinguish'd either by Ditches, or Stones, or Posts, or some other way to serve as the Limits of both Empires in the manner following.

        The Country towards Belgrade, within the aforesaid Limits, shall remain solely in the Possession and Dominion of the most Potent Emperor of the Turks.

        But the Country situate on the other side of the said Line, shall remain in the sole Possession and Power of the most Potent Emperor of the Romans ; and according to those Limits shall be the Possession of the Rivers which are in the Territorys remaining in the possession of both Partys.

        V. That Part of the Save which waters those Countrys belonging to the Emperor of the Romans, shall be possess'd by his said Majesty, and the other Part shall be possess'd by the Ottoman Emperor.

        That Part of the Save which runs betwixt both Empires, together with the Islands therein, shall be common to the Subjects or both for Navigation to and fro, and for any other Conveniences ; and both shall religiously observe the Commerce peaceably, and without Molestation.

        The Country belonging to the Dominion of his Imperial Ottoman Majesty, as far as the River Unna towards Bosnia, shall be limited and bounded by the hither Shore of the River Unna: and ail the Imperial Garrisons that are in Novi, Dubizza, Sessenovizza, Doboy and Bred on the part of Bosnia, and any other such place in this Tract, shall be drawn out from thence, and the same shall be left entirely free.

        But whereas Castanoviz, and the Islands below the Country of Novi, towards the Save, together with the farthermost Bank of the said River Unna, are and remain in the Power of the Emperor of the Romans, they shall be distinguish'd henceforth by the aforesaid Limits.

        Finally, the Places beyond the Unna, far remote from the Save, which are garison'd and possess'd by both Partys, together with the Lands belonging to the same before the present War, shall also remain in the Power of either Party who possesses them, on condition that Commissioners who shall be deputed on both sides, do separate and divide the Districts and Territorys that are to remain in the possession of both, in the Parts of Croatia, by particular Lines distinguishable by Ditches, Stones, Stakes, or any other Marks for avoiding Confusion.

        And whoever on either side shall presume to alter, change, pull up, take away, or in any respect: to violate any of those Marks, the strictest Inquiry shall be made after him ; and if he be apprehended, he shall be most severely punisih'd for an Example to others.

        The Commissioners shall be deputed as soon as possible, to distinguish and fix the Bounds in Croatia ; and they shall be enjoin'd to give diligent Attention to the Tranquillity and Security of both Dominions, and that they faithfully and clearly separate and distinguish the Territory's without any Prejudice or Affection.

        Whereas the Fortifications of the Castle of Bred, situate on the other side of the Save (towards the Ottoman Empire) which were lately made by the Imperialists, ought to be demolish'd at the time of withdrawing the Imperial Garrison, and the said Place lies very commodiously for Traffick, a City may be built there with a handsome convenient Precinct ; provided nevertheless that it be not turn'd into the Form of a Castle or Fort.

        VI. The Limits prescrib'd by these Articles, and those which shall hereafter be settled, if need be, by the Commissioners, shall be sacredly and religiously observ'd on both sides, in such manner that they shall on no account or pretext be extended, transferr'd or chang'd. Nor shall it be lawful for either of the contracting Partys, to claim or exercise any Right or Power to any Territory of the other Party, beyond the Bounds or Lines when settled ; or to compel the Subjects of the other Party to pay any Tribute whatsoever past or to come, or to subject him to any kind of Exaction or Vexation that the Wit of Man can invent : but all wrangling shall be fairly remov'd.

        VII. It shall be lawful and free for both Partys, for the Security of their Frontiers, to repair, Strengthen and fortify the Castles, Forts and Places, of which by the present Articles they are to have quiet Possession, in such manner as they shall judge most convenient, except those that are above excepted by Name. And for the Convenience of the Inhabitants, it shall be lawful for both Partys, without molestation, and without exception, to build Habitations, and have open Villages ; provided that no new Forts are erected under this Pretence.

        VIII. All hostile Incursions, Usurpations and Invasions made clandestinely, or by surprize, and all Devaluations and Depopulations of the Territorys of either Dominions, shall be deem'd unlawful, and shall be prohibited by the severed Mandates And the Transgressors of this Article, wherever they are apprehended, shall immediately be committed to Prison, and receive condign Punishment without Mercy from the Jurisdiction of the Place where they shall be committed : and whatever they have taken shall be most diligently inquir'd after, and when found, faithfully restor'd to the Owners. Also the Captains, Commanders and Governours of both Partys shall be oblig'd to administer Justice diligently and uprightly, on pain, not only of the Loss of Office, bat of Life and Honour.

        IX. It shall also be unlawful to give any Sanctuary or Support to wicked Men, Rebels, or Malecontents, but both Partys shall be oblig'd to bring such sort of Men, and all Thieves, Robbers, &c. whom they shall apprehend in their Dominions, to condign Punishment, altho they happen to be the Subjects of the other Party ; and if they cannot be apprehended, they shall be describ'd to their Captains or Governours ; and if they happen to lurk in their Jurisdictions, they shall be impower'd to apprehend and punish them : and if these don't discharge their Duty by punishing such Criminals, they shall incur the Indignation of their Emperor, and be turn'd out of Office, or punish'd in the place of the Delinquents. And to guard also against the Insolence of Men yet more wicked, it shall be lawful for neither of the Partys to entertain and maintain Man-stealers, call'd Pribeck, and such sort of wicked People who are in the Pay of neither Prince, but live by Robbery ; and both they and those who support them shall be duly punish'd: and whatever Pretences such wicked Men make of Amendment of their former Lives, they mail not be trusted nor tolerated near the Frontiers, but transported to other Places at a greater distance.

        X. Whereas during this War many Hungarians and Transilvanians withdrew from their Subjection to his Imperial Majesty to the Frontiers of the Sublime Ottoman Porte, and are to be taken care of in a due manner by the Treaty now concluded between both Empires, 'tis stipulated that they shall live in Freedom and Security in the Dominions of the said Empire.

        But left the Tranquillity of the Frontiers, and the Peace of the Subjects shou'd be in any manner disturb'd, the Places where they mall be fix'd, shall be far enough from such Frontiers ; and the Wives shall have leave to follow their Husbands, and to cohabit with them in the Imperial District assign'd for their Settlement.

        And whereas hereafter they are to be reckon'd among the other Subjects of the most Potent Emperor of the Turks, it fnall not be lawful for them ever to withdraw from his Subjection any more ; and if they offer to return to their own Country, they shall be deem’d Malecontents, and shall have no Shelter, nor Support from the Germans, but when apprehended, shall be deliver'd to the Turkish Governors of the Frontiers, for the greater Security of the Peace on both sides.

        XI. In order wholly to prevent all Controversys, Disputes or Differences hereafter on the Frontiers concerning any of the Articles of this Armistice, an equal number of Commissioners shall be chose on both sides, Men no ways covetous, but grave, honest, wise, experienc'd and peaceable ; who, when there is need of a speedy Remedy, shall repair to the Frontiers, where meeting at a proper place without an Army, with an equal Number of Gentlemen of peaceable Dispositions, they shall hear, take cognizance of, decide and amicably compose all and singular such, emergent Controversys, and settle such an Order and Method, that both Partys may compel their Men and Subjects by the severest Punishments, to the sincere and firm Observation of the Peace, without any Prevarication or Pretext. But if Disputes happen of such moment that they cannot be adjusted and dispatch'd by the Commissioners of both Partys, then they shall be referred to both the mod Potent Emperors, that they themselves may find out, and make use of ways and means for clearing and extinguishing them, in a manner that such Controversys may be accommodated in as little time as possible, without any Neglect or Delay.

        And moreover, whereas in the former Sacred Capitulations, all Duels and Challenges were prohibited, they shall hereafter be unlawful ; and if any shall presume to enter into single Combat, they shall be severely dealt with as Transgressors.

        XII. Prisoners taken on both sides during the War, who are yet living in Confinement, and have reason to hope for Deliverance one time or other by means of this Peace, and cannot be left in the same miserable and calamitous state of Captivity, without Offence to that Piety and Good Nature for which the Emperors are admir'd, shall be set at Liberty by way of Exchange, after the usual or more honourable Methods ; and if there be more Prisoners in number or of greater Rank on one fide than the other, the Clemency of both their Imperial Majestys who are so well inclin'd to this happy Peace, shall not be deny'd to the rest, when the Embassadors make solemn Instances for their Release.

        As for those who are in the Power of private Persons, or even with the Tartars, it shall be lawful for them to procure their Liberty, by as moderate a Ransom as they can ; and if such Captives cannot bring their Master to a fair Accommodation, the Judges of the Place shall end every Dispute by a Composition. But if this cannot be effected by the ways and means aforesaid, the Captives shall be set at Liberty, if it appears by Oath, or other Evidence, that they have paid their Ransom. Nor shall their Owners for the fake of more Lucre oppose their Ransom : and when Men are not sent from the Sublime Ottoman Torte, to assist in setting such Prisoners at Liberty, it will be expected from the Probity of the Imperial Governours, that they oblige the Owners to let go such Prisoners, on paying down the full Price for which they were bought, that so this good Work may be promoted on both sides with equal Piety.

        Finally, till the Captives on both sides are releas'd by the means aforesaid, the Embassadors Plenipotentiary shall use their Offices on both sides, that the poor Prisoners may be civilly treated in the mean time.

        XIII. In respect to the Monks, and the Exercise of the Christian Religion, according to the Rites of the Roman Catholick Church, whatever Favours were granted them by any former Ottoman Emperors of most Glorious Memory in their Reigns, either by Sacred Capitulations, or by Imperial Signs Manual, or by particular Edicts and Mandates ; the most Serene Emperor of the Ottomans will hereafter confirm them in such manner, that they may repair their Churches, and perform their Functions as usual heretofore. And it shall nor be lawful for any one to molest or extort Money from the said Monks, of what Order or Condition soever they be, contrary to the sacred Capitulations and the divine Laws, but they shall enjoy the Clemency of the Emperor as usual.

        Moreover, it shall be lawful for the Embassador of the most Serene and most Potent Emperor of the Romans at the resplendent Porte, to produce his Commission concerning Religion, and the Places of Christian Visitation in the holy City of Jerusalem, and to prevent his Instances to the Imperial Throne.

        XIV. Trade shall be free for the Subjects of both Partys, in all the Kingdoms and Dominions of both Empires, according to the antient sacred Capitulations. And that it may be carry'd on by both Partys with Profit, and without Fraud and Deceit, the same shall be settled by Stipulations between Commissarys deputed on both sides, well vers'd in Merchandize, at the time of solemn Embassys on both sides: and as has been observ'd with other Nations in Friendship with the Sublime Empire, so his Imperial Majefty's Subjects of what Nation soever, shall enjoy the Security and Advantage of Trade in the Kingdoms of the Sublime Empire, as well as the usual Privileges in a fitting manner.

        XV. All Conditions whatsoever express'd in the antient sacred Capitulations, provided they be not contrary or prejudicial to the foregoing Articles of this Treaty, or to the free Dominion and Enjoyment of the Possessors, shall hereafter be religiously observ'd and perform'd ; but those which are in any fort repugnant to the aforesaid, shall be made null and void.

        XVI. And that this Armistice and a good Friendship may be confirm'd and flourish between both the most Potent Emperors, solemn Embassadors shall be sent on both sides, who shall be receiv'd, honour'd and treated equally alike, with the usual Ceremonys, from the time of their first Entrance to their Return to the Place where they are to make the second Exchange, provided nevertheless that they bring a convenient free Gift in token of their Friendship, which is correspondent with the Dignity of both Emperors : And according to the Custom which has a long while been observ'd between both Empires, after previously settling a mutual Correspondence, they shall be exchange'd on the Confines of Szerem, and set out on their Journeys at one and the same time.

        Moreover, the said solemn Embassadors may lawfully demand what they think fit at either of the Imperial Courts.

        XVII. The same Rule and Order, observ'd heretofore for receiving, honouring and entertaining Embassadors passing to and fro, and residing, shall henceforwards be observ'd on both sides with equal Decorum, according to the particular Character of those who are sent.

        It shall be lawful for the Imperial Embassadors and Residents, and all their Servants, to wear what Liverys they please without any Molestation.

        Moreover, the Imperial Ministers, whether they discharge the Office of Embassador, Envoy, Resident or Agent, shall enjoy the same Libertys, Immunitys and Privileges, even to the distinguishing the Prerogative of the Imperial Dignity, as the Embassadors and Agents of other Princes in Amity with the Resplendent Porte, and shall have free Leave to hire Interpreters.

        The Couriers also, and their other Servants going to and fro between Vienna and the Resplendent Porte, shall have a secure passage, and have all manner of Favour shewn them, that they may perform their Journey commodiously.

        XVIII. This Peace, tho concluded according to the foregoing Articles, shall not have its full Force, nor engage the Partys  concern'd to observe the Laws of it, till every thing stipulated on both sides, as well with regard to the Limits as to Evacuations and Demolitions of Places, be entirely perform'd ; for the speedy Accomplishment whereof, Commissioners on both sides shall be appointed to fix and distinguish the Limits and Boundarys, who at the ensuing Equinox, viz. the 22d of March or the 12th O. S. 1699, shall meet with a moderate and peaceable Retinue, at Places to be agreed upon among the Commissioners, by the Consent of the Governours of both the Frontiers, and shall within two Months, or sooner if possible, distinguish, separate and determine the Confines with clear and evident Boundarys, as they are constituted by the former Articles ; and they shall accurately and speedily execute the Statutes between the Embassadors Plenipotentiarys of both Empires.

        XIX. The Embassadors Plenipotentiarys of both Empires reciprocally engage themselves, and promise that they will infallibly procure these Conditions and Articles to be ratify'd by both their Imperial Majestys, and that the solemn Ratifications shall be exchang'd reciprocally and duly on the Confines, within 50 days from the Day of signing or sooner, by the most illustrious and most excellent the Embassadors Plenipotentiary Mediators.

        XX. This Armistice shall continue, and be extended by God's Blessing for 25 Years, to count from the Day of Signing ; and at the end of that Term, or in the meanwhile, both Partys shall be at liberty, if they please, to prolong it for several Years more.

        Therefore whatever Conditions are establish'd, by mutual and free Consent, between the most Serene and most Potent Emperor of the Romans, and the most Serene and most Potent Emperor of the Turks, and their Heirs, Empires and Kingdoms, Country's, Citys, Towns, Subjects and Vassals, whether by Land or Sea, shall be religiously and inviolably observ'd.

        And it shall be strictly requir'd of all the Governours, Generals, Militia, and all under their Vassalage, Obedience and Subjection, that they conforming themselves also in an adequate manner to the foremention'd Conditions, Clauses, Covenants and Articles, take all possible Care not to contravene or infringe this Peace and Friendship, upon any Account or Pretence whatsoever; but that abstaining from Enmity of all sorts, they cultivate a good Neighbourhood , knowing for certain that if they do not behave as they are hereby admonish'd, they will be most severely punish'd.

        The Chan himself also of the Crim, and all the Nations of the Tartars, by whatsoever name call'd, are bound to the due Observation of the Laws of this Peace and good Neighbourhood and Reconciliation ; nor shall they by contravening them exercise any Hostilitys towards any of the Imperial Provinces and their Subjects or Vassals. Moreover, if any, either of the Armys or of the Tartar Nations, shall dare to do any thing contrary to these Sacred Imperial Capitulations, and contrary to their Covenants and Articles, he shall be most feverely punish'd.

        The said Peace, Quiet and Security of the Subjects of both Empires shall begin upon the aforesaid Day of Subscription, from which time all Enmity on both sides shall cease and be laid aside, and the Subjects of both Partys shall enjoy Safety and Tranquillity. And to the end that Hostilitys may with the greatest Care and Diligence be suppress'd, Mandates and Edicts shall be transmitted with all speed to publish  the Peace to all the Governours of the Frontiers : And whereas some Time is requisite for the Officers, especially on the more remote Frontiers, to obtain Notice of the Peace being concluded, twenty days are appointed for that purpose ; after which, if any one shall presume to commit any Hostility on either side, he shall be subject to the Penaltys abovementioned without Mercy.

        Finally, That the Conditions of the Peace concluded in these 20 Articles may be accepted on both sides, and inviolably observ'd with all due Respect, the Ottoman Plenipotentiarys by virtue of the Emperor's full Power to them granted, have exhibited to us the Instrument writ in the Turkish Language, and legally and validly sign'd. We also, by virtue of our Instructions and full Powers, have in like manner deliver'd a legal and valid Instrument in the Latin Tongue, containing those Articles sign'd with our Hands and seal'd with our Seals. Done at the Congress which was held at Carlowitz in Szerem, under Tents, the 26th of January 1699.

        (L. S.) Wolfgang Count ab Ottingen.
        (L. S.) Leopold Count Schlik.


Treaty betwixt Augustus II. King, and the Republick of Poland on one part, and Mustapha Han, Sultan of the Turks on the other, by the Mediation of William III. King of Great Britain, and of the Lords the States General of the United Netherlands on the other, Concluded in a tent at Carlowitz in the County of Szerem, the 26th of January, 1699.

        In the Name of the most Holy and Undivided Trinity,

        IN perpetual memory of the thing ; be it known to all whom it doth concern. The most Serene and most Potent Prince, William III. King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, and the High and Mighty Lords the States General of the United Netherlands, out of a desire to stop the Effusion of human Blood, and to restore the Tranquillity on both sides, which has been so long disturb'd by a difference between the Kingdom of Poland and the Sublime Empire, having interpos'd their Mediation to procure this Treaty of Peace ; and the most excellent Lords, William Lord Paget, Baron of Beaudesert in the County of Stafford, and the King's Lord Lieutenant thereof, Ambassador Plenipotentiary on the part of his Britannick Majesty at the Resplendent Porte, and the Heer James Colyer, Ambassador Plenipotentiary also at the same Porte on the part of the High and Mighty Lords the States General of the United Netherlands, having diligently and zealously perform'd the Offices and Conditions of the said Mediation, with a reciprocal Inclination and Propension to accommodate and suppress the said Quarrel ; and a Congress of the Ambassadors Plenipotentiary being appointed by the Mediators at Carlowitz on the Confines of Szerem, where a Treaty of Peace was set on foot with the most illustrious and most excellent Lord, Mehemet Effendi, great Chancellor of the Sublime Empire, and the most illustrious and most excellent Lord, Alexander Mauro Cordato, of the noble Family of Scarlati, a Privy Counsellor of the said Sublime Empire ; at length by God's Blessing after some Sessions, a Peace was happily concluded on Terms of mutual Obligation. Therefore a Friendship and Peace is again perfected, concluded, restored and renewed between the most Serene and most Potent Sultan Mustapha, Emperor of the Mussulmen, Son of Sultan Mahomet, and the most Serene and most Potent King Augustus II. my most gracious Lord, and the Republick of Poland, on the eleven following Articles, which are by mutual Consent to be religiously observ'd for ever between both Dominions ; which Articles are hereafter set down one by one.

        I. The antient Friendship being again renew'd by the Providence of the most High God, together with a hearty Reconciliation and good Neighbourhood, all Hostilitys shall cease for ever on both sides, and the Subjects shall enjoy and be establish'd in their former Security and Tranquillity ; and the Frontiers of the Provinces subject to Poland, shall be separated and distinguished by their antient Boundarys from the Imperial Frontiers, as well of Moldavia, as of other Districts subject to the Sublime Empire ; nor shall there be any Extension or Restriction of the same hereafter, but the antient Limits shall be religiously observ'd and kept as sacred, without any Alteration and Disturbance.

       II. All the Fortresses or Places, whether greater or lesser, comprehended within the antient Limits of Moldavia before the last War but one, and which have hitherto been detain'd by the Poles, shall be evacuated by their Soldiers ; and the Province of Moldavia shall remain intirely free, in the pacifick State it was in before the last War.

       III. The Fortress of Caminiec, which is also situate within the antient Limits of Poland as they stood before the two last Wars, shall be entirely evacuated by the Mussulmen ; and hereafter no Demand shall be made by the Sublime Empire to the Provinces of Podolia and the Ukrain. And whereas the antient Limits of Poland and Moldavia are manifest, if there be a convenient time the Evacuation shall commence at the beginning of March next, and, if possible, sooner  ; and as soon as the Fortresses and Places of Moldavia are evacuated, by the withdrawing of the Polish Militia, and Moldavia thereby remains free, the Evacuation of the Fortress of Caminiec shall also commence at the beginning of March ; and after the Affair of the Evacuations is perfected, it shall be put in execution without Hesitation, Delay and Neglect; and the Evacuation of Fort Caminiec shall be finish'd by the 15th of May next at farthest. And to the intent that the same may be evacuated with ease and speed, the Poles shall give all the Assistance possible with Waggons and Horses for the Transportation ; and the Affair of the Evacuation shall be carry'd on every where with security : so that if in the Evacuation of the Forts and other Places howsoever fortify 'd, any of the Subjects have a mind to go out, they may safely depart with their Houshold Goods, and other Effects and whoever has a mind to stay, shall have the same Protection without Impediment. And since the Evacuation of the Forts and Places on both sides, is to commence in the beginning of March next, the Polish Embassador, who is speedily to be dispatch'd to the resplendent Porte, shall make Representation to the Imperial Throne of the Guns left at Caminiec, whether their own, or such as were found there.

       IV. None of the Subjects of the Sublime Empire, of what Condition soever, especially the Tartars of any Nation soever, shall on the score of any Pretence or Controversy whatsoever exercise Hostilitys against the Subjects of the King and Republick of Poland, and against their Frontiers, nor commit Excursions, carry or Persons to Captivity, drive away Cattle, nor do them any Damage or Injury ; and the Viziers, Beglerbeys, and the Ham of Crim Tartary, with the other Sultans, and the Weywod of Moldavia, shall be expressly commanded by Royal Edicts, to be very diligent in observing and keeping Peace and Tranquillity on the Frontiers, and that they do not injure the Subjects of Poland, by carrying off their People, driving away their Cattle, or by hurting or molesting them in any other way ; and that they inquire most strictly after the Disturbers and Transgressors of the Articles of Peace ; and that when they discover them, they punish them for Examples to others ; and that Restitution be made of Plunder to the proper Owners, and that if any a6t herein negligently or carelessly, they shall be justly punish'd, either by the Loss of their Offices, or of Life, as shall be consistent with the Divine Laws : And in like manner the Poles shall diligently, and in all respects observe and cultivate this Peace, and none shall dare to contravene it.

       V. Whereas the Kingdom of Poland has been free time out of mind, it shall not be disturb'd by any Hostility on the part of the Sublime Empire, or the Nations thereunto subject:, under colour of any Pretension whatsoever; nor shall be bound to comply with such Pretensions by virtue of the Articles of this Peace.

       VI. The Tartars of Budziac, and other Tartars, having during this War made Excursions from their own Territorys into those of Moldavia, where they committed several Acts of Rapine and Violence against the Moldavians and their Country, which is contrary to the sacred Capitulations made heretofore with the Kings of Poland, and therefore ought to be prevented and suppress'd, the Tartars shall be remov'd from all the Places, Farms, and other Estates, which they are now possessed of, or have newly built in Moldavia, and shall live peaceably in their own native Country, without committing any Offences hereafter.

       VII. The Roman Catholick Monks shall have their Churches, and the Exercise of their accustomed Functions thro'out the Empire, without Molestation or Disturbance, according to the Edicts formerly granted them by the Sublime Empire ; and it shall be lawful for the Embassador Extraordinary of Poland at the Resplendent Porte, to make any further Remonstrances on the head of Religion to the Imperial Throne.

       VIII. Whereas Peace gives Life and Soul to Commerce, which, when regulated, reduces Provinces to a better State, the Merchants of both Dominions, who hereafter come and go, not thro' clandestine Places but by Places of publick Access, after they have paid the antient Duties for Goods imported and exported, shall not be molested with new Exactions and Demands, nor shall the Dutys be demanded for ready Money. And all the Natives of Poland and Lithuania, and other Nations to them subject, who come for Traffick, and do no Damage, but carry on Trade, and Buying and Selling, as is also declar'd in former sacred Capitulations, shall not be molested by the Demand of the Tax call'd Haracz, and other inordinate Exactions ; but if any leaving their own Countrys settle in the Kingdoms of the Empire, and if other Foreigners mingle with the Poles, left such should prove to the Detriment of the Republick, nothing shall be demanded for the Arms, Horses and Captives of the Polish Merchants, who having a legal Discharge, are willing to return to their own Country ; nor shall any Person hinder the Captives so going away : but it shall not be lawful for any Person under that Pretence to take prohibited Goods along with them without Leave. Moreover, in case of the Death of any Merchants of both Dominions in other Countrys, their Goods and Effects shall not be seiz'd or divided by the Officers of either Party, but shall be deliver'd to a Merchant of Credit, that he may deliver the same to the Heirs, according to the Inventory taken upon Oath; but if any Dispute happen between the Merchants, the same shall be decided by the Provost, who shall do Justice to whom 'tis due. No body shall be compell'd, contrary to the divine Laws, to pay a Debt which is not confirm'd by Writing, or some judicial Instrument ; nor shall Disputes about Debts and Suretyships be pleaded or heard only upon hired Evidence, but the Causes shall be juftly and duly decided by legal written Instruments : and in such Causes the Grants contain'd and stipulated to other Confederate Nations, in the sacred Capitulations, shall also be extended to the Polish Merchants. And further, the Sense and Meaning of the sacred Edicts granted heretofore to the Poles in particular, and kept in their Custody, shall be regarded and obferv'd.

       IX. The Prisoners and Captives taken by either side during the War shall be set at Liberty, paying their Ransom, which shall be settled according to the Laws, or according to the Oath that shall be made of it, pursuant to the Declaration of former Capitulations in this point. But if a Captive hath serv'd a long time, when 'tis but just that his Ransom should be cheaper, if the Owner of the Captive will not agree to take a fair and moderate Price, such Differences shall be decided by the Judges of the Places, proceeding according to Law. If upon any account Prisoners are taken out of the Polish Countrys, after the Conclusion of the Peace, they shall be discharg'd gratis ; and the Persons who go to and fro in the Kingdoms of the Sublime Empire, and even among the Tartars to release the Polish Captives, shall on no account be molested as long as they behave peaceably, but those who offend and injure them shall be punish'd. The Captives detain'd in publick Prisons shall be exchang'd on both sides, and set at Liberty ; and it shall be free for the chief Embassador of the Poles, to make Representations concerning his Captives to the Imperial Throne.

       X. Whatsoever the most Serene King of Poland has obtain'd by the Peace stipulated with the Sublime Empire, shall remain in full Force ; Moldavia and Wallachia shall remain in Amity as formerly with the King of Poland, and if any Fugitives from those Countrys come into Poland they shall not be receiv'd. If any steal clandestinely into the Kingdom of Poland, and afterwards are found disturbing and corrupting the Country, such Men, when apprehended, shall be given up; and the same Condition which is so clearly and manifestly declar'd in the former Capitulations, shall be observ'd. In like manner, the Polish Subjects, be they Poles, Cossacks, or of what Nation soever, when they make any Disturbance, shall neither be receiv'd nor protected here, but sent back to their own Countrys ; and all Persons whatsoever that shall go about to disturb the Peace and Friendship now concluded on both sides, shall receive condign Punishment.

       XI. All Conditions and Clauses whatsoever declar'd and agreed to in the former Capitulations, which are in no sort contradictory to the Articles of this present Treaty, nor contrary to the free and perpetual Rights of both Dominions, shall henceforwards be carefully observ'd, and those which are contrary, shall, God willing, be made null and void. The Peace and Reconciliation concluded by Articles ingross'd on both sides, in the most perfect and exact manner, between their Majestys, the most August and most Potent Emperor of the Mussulmen and his Heirs, and the most Serene and most Potent King of Poland and his Successors, and the Republick of Poland, shall, by God's Mercy, remain perpetual, stable, firm and inviolable, and be preserv'd and guarded from all Disturbance, Change, Violation and Confusion, and persevere and be continued firmly and constantly in one and the same Tenor. And that all Hostilitys may be entirely laid aside and suppress'd, notice shall be given with all Speed to the Presidents, Prefects and Governours on the Frontiers, that they take heed that Transgressions be not committed hereafter, and that neither Party damage the other, and that all on both sides carry it sincerely and amicably to one another. And to the end that the Conclusion of this happy Peace may be made known to all Persons, 30 Days are allow'd, after which time no Pretence or Excuse shall be admitted, but they who oppose the Edicts which require a strict Obedience, shall be very severely punish'd. And after the signing of the Instruments on both sides, an Envoy shall first come from Poland to the Resplendent Porte, and according to antient Custom bring the King's Letters Patent, containing the Ratification of the Articles declar'd in the Instruments, and shall also receive and take with him the Emperor's Ratifications. And afterwards the Embassador in ordinary, as soon as it can be done with Conveniency, shall proceed according to the antient laudable Method, to the solemn Confirmation of the Articles of the Peace, and to the Perfection of reciprocal Sincerity, and the absolute Determination of mutual Friendship, and to the Disposition of the other things remaining. And therefore the happy Peace concluded in n Articles, according to those Terms, shall be accepted and cultivated on both sides, when the abovemention'd Plenipotentiarys and Commissioners, the Embassadors of the most August Emperor of the Turks, have, by virtue of their Power and Authority, deliver'd a legal and valid Instrument, drawn up in the Turkish Language, as I have, by virtue of my Power and Deputation, deliver'd the Articles sign'd with my own Hand, and seal'd with my Seal, as a lawful and valid Instrument. Done at the Congrefs held under Tents in Carlowitz in Szerem, the 26th Day of January 1699.

       (L. S.) Stanislaus Palatine of Posnania, Plenipotentiary, and Embassador Extraordinary from the King of Poland.


The Turkish Instrument of The Peace entered into between Mustapha Han, Sultan of the Turks, and the most Serene Republick of Venice, as it was thro' the Mediation of King William III. and the States General, concluded by the Imperial and Polish Ambassadors, tho without the Participation of the Venetian Ambassador, in hopes that it will be accepted by the said Republick ; for which end a certain Space of time is given and prefix'd. Done at the Congress of Carlowitz, the 14th of the Month Reciep, in the Year of the Hegira 1110.

       In the Name of the Lord whose Mercy is Everlasting, and of the Almighty who bringeth all Things to Light.

       Whereas by reason of the Enmity and Ill-will which have subsisted for some Years, between the Sublime Empire and the Republick of Venice, the Subjects were willing that Friendship, Benevolence and the Laws of Good Neighbourhood may be restored, by the Mediation, Insinuation and Recommendation of the most Glorious, among the Great Princes and Republicks of Christendom, William III. King of England, Scotland and Ireland, and the States General of the Netherlands ; and a Congress being held for that purpose at Carlowitz in Szerem, near the Confines, between the Plenipotentiarys of both Partys, when the most illustrious, and most excellent among the Christian Nobility, William Lord Paget, Baron of Beaudesert, his Britannick Majesty's Embassador Extraordinary, and the Heer James Colyer, Embassador of the Lords the States General of the Netherlands, performed the kind Offices of Mediators ; after the Exchange and Perusal of their respective full Powers according to antient Custom, and after Negotiations and Conferences for a Peace were set on foot, pursuant to the Imperial Mandate, and by virtue of our Authority and Deputation, the most illustrious among the Christian Nobility, Charles Ruzzini, Knight, notwithstanding he had time enough allow'd him to confider of the Articles of the Peace, delayed to sign them, on account of some Difficultys ; and for that Reason the most illustrious and most excellent the Embassadors Plenipotentiary of the Emperor of the Romans, and of the King and Republick of Poland, out of respect to the Preliminarys, settled by the Endeavour of the aforesaid Embassadors Mediators, and by the Consent and Approbation of all the rest, and particularly to the 3d Article for allowing a Fortnight longer for the Signing and Exchanging of the Instruments by the mutual consent of both Partys ; and to the Intent that the Republick of Venice might also be included and comprehended in the Peace concluded by the Divine Favour, they have at length reciprocally agreed with us, by the repeated Offices and Endeavours of the said Embassadors Mediators, between the Sublime Empire and the said Republick, the following 16 Articles, as they are hereafter inserted verbatim.

       I. The Morea with all its Citys, Fortresses, Castles, Lands, Villages, Mountains, Rivers, Lakes, Woods, Ports, and in general, all things else whatsoever which shall be found to be comprehended within the whole Extent of the same Province, and which are now possess'd by the Republick of Venice, shall remain in the Possession and under the Dominion of the said Republick, including the full Circumference of the Country inclosed between the Sea and the Isthmus, in that part where some of the Remains of the antient Wall are still to be seen ;  so that there shall be no Extension made of the Continent of the Morea into the Terra Firma, beyond the Confines of the said Province.

       II. In regard that the Terra Firma is under the Dominion of the Sublime Empire, it shall remain intirely in the Possession of the said Empire, in the same Condition it was in as the beginning of the last War. The Fortress of Lepanto shall be evacuated by the Republick of Venice, and the Castle call'd Romelia shall be demolish'd on that side next Lepanto-j the Fortress ofPrevesa shall be demolish'd in like manner, and the main Land shall be left on that side in its former and entire State.

       III. The Island of Sancta Maura with its Fortress, the Head of the Bridge call'd Peraccia, not extending any farther into the main Land ; and the Island of Leucate, annex'd to Sancta Maura, mall remain in the Possession and Lordship of the Republick of Venice.

       IV. The Evacuation of Lepanto, and the Demolition of the Castles of Romelia and Trevesa, shall be performed immediately after the Limits of Dalmatia are settled; and in the mean time, to prevent all manner of Hostilitys, and even to cut off all Occasions for such, the Garrisons of those three Places shall not stir out, but keep within the Fortifications thereof, and shall not make any Excursions into the main Land, nor offer at it upon any pretence whatsoever. The Inhabitants thereof shall also be permitted to remain there, or depart from thence as they shall think proper, nor shall the least Violence be offer'd to them.

       V. The Use of the Gulphs that lie between the main Land and the Morea, shall be in common to both Powers and both the one and the other of the two Partys oblige themselves to keep them free, and to clear them of all manner of Pirates and mischievous Persons.

       VI. The Islands of the Archipelago and of those Seas, shall remain under the Dominion of the Sublime Empire, in the Condition they were in before the Beginning of the last War. No Tributes call'd Caraches shall be exacted from the Subjects of the Republick, nor any Contributions, or other Imports, levy'd, which were introduc'd there during the present War.

       VII. The Sublime Empire shall not for the future exact any Pension for the time past or to come, from the Republick of Venice or its Inhabitants, for the Isle of Zante. The Island of Egina with its Fortress, lying near and adjoining to the Morea, and now posses'd by the said Republick, shall remain in the possession of the said Republick, in the Condition it is in at present.

       VIII. The Fortresses of Chnin, Sing, Ciclut and Gabetla, situate in Dalmatia, being at present posses'd by the Republick of Venice, shall remain for the future under the Dominion of the said Republick, peaceably to enjoy them. But forasmuch as the Limits of that Province are to be fix'd so exactly and so clearly, that there may be no Dispute about them for the future ; for the Preservation of the Repose and Tranquillity of the Subjects of both Partys, and to prevent all imaginable Differences that may in any manner whatsoever disturb the Peace of the Frontiers, 'tis agreed, that from the Fortress of Chnin to that of Verlica, from Verlica to Sing, from Sing to Duara, otherwise call'd Zaduaria, from thence to Vergoraz, and from thence likewise to the Fortress of Ciclut and Gahella, strait Lines shall be drawn to make the Separation of the Confines ; so that between the said Lines drawing towards the Venetian Dominions and the Sea-Coast, all the Lands and Cantons, with the Castles, Forts, Towers and inclosed Places, shall  be only possess'd by the Republick aforesaid : And as for the Lands and Cantors that shall be without the said Line, they shall remain in the Possession, and under the Dominion of the Sublime Empire, with all the Castles, Forts, Towers, and inclosed Places comprehended therein ; nor shall it be lawful to extend or lessen the Frontiers on either side. The said Lines shall be mark'd out clearly and distinctly, according to the Situation of the Places, by means of the Hills and Woods, or of the Rivers and Currents; and where the Place shall not evidently distinguish the said Limits, they shall be mark'd out by Ditches, Stakes and Pillars, as the Commissioners appointed by both Partys to regulate the Limits aforesaid in concert, shall judge convenient. And to the end that the said Fortresses which are to remain in the Possession of the Republick, may have some convenient Space of Territory before them, the Commissioners shall mark out about the Fortresses of Chnin, Verlica, Sing, Duara, Vergeraz, and Ciclut, such a space of Ground as may be march 'd in an hour, in a strait Line or Semi-Circle as the Ground will permit. The Fortress of Chnin shall present her Flank on that fide next Croatia, as far as the Emperor's Frontiers, without doing any Prejudice to the three Potentates whose Confines shall join to the said Limits ; but they shall be always oblig'd inviolably to observe the Right which belongs to each of the said three Potentates, according to the Agreements of this Universal Peace. Both Partys shall be equally bound to observe the said Line ; and if it shou'd happen that in the Neighbourhood of the said Line, or in the Line itself, there shou'd be any Fortress depending upon the Sublime Empire, the Territory situate behind that Place shall remain intire to the Empire ; and in Front a space of Ground shall be mark'd out in the Circumference of the said Line, and which shall also have the Extent of an Hour's March. As for the Fortress of Ciclut there shall be in like manner assign'd to it in Front, a space of Ground of an Hour's March 5 and towards the Flank there shall be a space of two Hours March, without the Line, drawing out a strait Line to the Sea. And when the Limits are once fix'd, and the Bounds placed, and Territorys separated so as to remain in manner and form aforesaid, in the possession of both Partys, they shall be inviolably observ'd without the least Alteration ; and if ever it happens that any Person shou'd have the Boldness to violate the said Frontiers, or to go beyond the Bounds, or that the Officers themselves shou'd fail in their Duty and necessary Care in that particular, by not punishing the Offenders according to their Demerits, they shall themselves be severely punish'd on both sides. And in cafe the Commissioners shou'd meet with any Difficultys, or shou'd not agree among themselves, they shall faithfully and exactly inform their Masters thereof, to the end that such Differences may be amicably adjusted by the good Offices and Mediation of those who represent his Imperial Majesty, and the Lords Mediators, at the Ottoman Porte.

       IX. The Territory and Dependences of the Signiory of Ragusa, fhall be annex'd to the Territorys and Cantons of the Sublime Empire ; and all Obstacles that hinder the Union and Communication of the Lands of the said Signiory with the Lands of the said Empire, shall be remov'd.

       X. Castelnovo and Risano, which are in the Neighbourhood of Cattaro, being actually in the Possession and under the Dominion of the Republick of Venice, it shall remain in the peaceable Enjoyment of the laid Places and their Territorys. Which is likewise to be understood of any other Fortress whatsoever situate in that Canton, and of which the said Republick is in actual Possession. And the Commissioners who shall be deputed on both sides, shall be chose out of Persons of known Probity, to the end that not being sway'd by Passion or private Interest, they may determine this important Affair with all possible Equity, by making a Separation of the Territorys of the Country, and marking them out by Tokens so evident, as to cut off all occasions or Disturbance and Contention between the two Partys. But Advice shall be given on the same side, that the Communication of the Lands of Ragusa with those of the Ottoman Empire must not be interrupted.

       XI. And forasmuch as the fixing the Limits of both Partys ought to begin in Dalmatia, and on the side of Cattaro, as foon as the Weather favours, the Commissioners deputed for that End, shall give reciprocal notice of their Meeting, and shall meet in a Place proper and convenient for such Business, with an equal number of armed Attendants, Men of Peace, and not given to create Trouble ; and the said Commissioners shall, with the Help of God, begin their Function and Conferences on the first Day of the Equinox, that is to say 12/22 of March this present Year : and they shall with all possible Care and Diligence employ themselves in distinguishing the Confines of both Partys ; in such manner that they may entirely finish the Separation in two Months, or sooner if possible.

       XII. And whereas both the said Partys have mutually express'd an ardent Desire to be united to one another, by a firm and constant Friendship, and to procure the Tranquillity of their Subjects, they must naturally have the greater Aversion to such ill-minded Persons as disturb the Tranquillity of the Frontiers by Robberys, and Hostilitys of other kinds : Therefore no Shelter or Protection shall be given on either side to such Fugitives, of what Quality soever they are ; bur, on the contrary, they shall be pursued, apprehended and imprison'd, that they may have condign Punishment for a warning to others : and for the future, the giving Support or Protection to People of this fort shall be prohibited.

       XIII. Both Partys shall be permitted to repair and fortify the Fortresses in their Possession, but not to build any new ones upon the Frontiers, nor to rebuild those which have been demolish'd by the Republick of Venice on the Confines of the Terra Firma : The Subjects also of both Partys are permitted to build Towns and Villages every where, on condition that they live sociably like good Neighbours and Friends, and keep strictly within their own Bounds. And if any Difference happen among them, the Governours of the Frontiers on both sides shall be amicably inform'd thereof, to the end that they may with the greatest Equity prevent all Cause of Complaint.

       XIV. As for what concerns Religion, the release and exchange of Slaves, and matter of Commerce, the conditions of the last Treaty shall be observed according to their Form and Tenour, and the Ambaffador of the Republick shall have leave to make new Instances to the Imperial Throne upon this Head. As to Traffick, the Sacred Imperial Edicts formerly granted to this Republick, are confirm'd by the present Treaty of Peace ; and Trade shall be carry'd on in the same manner as it was before the last War, and the Venetian Merchants shall enjoy all the Privileges that were ever granted them heretofore.

       XV. From the Day of signing the Treaty concluded between the Plenipotentiarys of the Sublime Empire and the Republick:, all Hostilitys shall cease both by Land and Sea, and the Subjects of both Partys shall live in good Friendship and Correspondence : And to the end that the Governours of the Frontiers may be inform'd of this Suspenflon of Arms, the Partys are agreed on a Term of thirty Days for the Provinces of Bosnia, Albania and Dalmatia, and forty Days for the Isle of Candia, the Morea, and other Frontiers on the same Coast ; during which Space of Time, the Sublime Empire and the Republick shall each on his part do all that is possible to hinder the Contravention of any one of the Articles. Moreover, a sincere and general Amnesty is to be allow'd to the Subjects of both Partys, for any Action or Crime committed during the War, which shall be entirely bury'd in Oblivion; and no Person shall on that account be prosecuted, molested or punish'd for the future as a Delinquent.

       XVI. It shall be determin'd how long the present Treaty between the Sublime Empire and the Republick shall continue, when the Instruments of it are deliver'd, and when the Plenipotentiarys of both Partys proceed to the immediate signing of the said Treaty, in the Form and Manner that shall be declar'd afterwards. And they shall in like manner agree to the Conventions that shall be thought necessary, for establishing the Friendship and perfect Correspondence of the Partys more and more.

       After all 'tis stipulated and agreed by this present Instrument, that if while we are here, the said Plenipotentiary of Venice shall resolve to accept and Sign it, he may immediately, and without delay, copy the whole Instrument, and confirm it with his own Hand and Seal, and deliver it to us, and at the same time receive from us the Instrument confirm'd with our Seals and Subscriptions ; provided nevertheless, that the abovemention'd Articles be not violated or alter'd, or restrain'd, or magnify'd, and that only those Things be added by mutual Consent, which seem to tend more to the renewing the Offices of Friendship, without changing the Articles of the Places and Limits.

       But if the said Ambassador Plenipotentiary of the Republick of Venice shou'd remain here when we are going away, without having come to any Determination, the said Republick is allow'd by virtue of that Instrument, the space of thirty Days, from the Conclusion of the Peace, to ratify the said Instrument, to transmit their Ratification to the Ambassadors Mediators, to extend the Articles to reciprocal Offices of Friendship, and compleatly to finish the present Treaty at Vienna, by their Ambassador Plenipotentiary residing there, within the space of two Months.

       But if the said Republick does not acquiesce in the above recited Articles, even while the illustrious Mediation continues at Vienna, and while either of the Emperor's Plenipotentiarys is present, the Ambassadors of both Partys may reassume and direct this Treaty ; on these Conditions nevertheless, that the fundamental Instrument, now stipulated once for all by the mutual Consent of the Partys, may be religiously and inviolably observ'd by both, equally alike in all things ; nor shall the Articles in this present Instrument mention'd be call'd in question, nor shall one Party take more Advantage of them than the other. Moreover, within the space of six Months, from the Day that the solemn Embassy arrives at Vienna from the Sublime Empire, according to the Terms of the Preliminary and Fundamental Instrument so often mention'd, the Venetian Ambassador Plenipotentiary at Vienna shall finish his Treaty, and to this end exchange the authentick Instruments necessary for both Partys ; and consequently the Venetian Republick shall be included in this happy Peace, the Cessation of Arms being observed in the mean time on both sides, according to the Reason declar'd in the Articles above inserted, and all manner of Hostilitys and Offences being stopp'd by Land and Sea, and no Contravention of the Articles hereby establish'd being admitted. But if this neither be pleasing to the abovenam'd Republick, it shall rest upon the said Republick, after the Term abovemention'd, to manage the Affair either of War or Peace by themselves, and not to lay the Blame upon any but themselves. And whereas the abovemention'd Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiarys of his Imperial Majesty, and the King and Republick of Poland, in presence of the Ambassadors Plenipotentiary Mediators, have deliver'd to us the authentick and lawful Instrument drawn up in the Latin Tongue, confirm'd with their Hands and Seals, by virtue of the Authority, and Power, and Deputation to them granted ; we also, by virtue of our Power, Authority and Deputation, have deliver'd this valid and legal Instrument, confirm'd with our Hands and Seals. Done the 24th of the Month call'd Reciep, in the Year of the Hegira 1110.

       Sign'd,

       (L. S.) MEHEMEMET RAMI, Great Chancellor.
       (L. S.) ALEXANDER Mauro Cordato di Scarlato.


The Imperial and Polish Instrument of the Peace to be establish'd and observ'd, between Mustapha Han, Sultan of the Turks, and the most Serene Republick of Venice ; in which Instrument, by reason the Venetian Ambassador exus'd himself from acting, the Imperial and Polish Ambassadors take the Venetian Affairs upon them, and in the Name of the most Serene Republick, enter into Conditions of Peace, leaving the said Republick a certain space of Time, either to accept or reject them. Done at the Congress at Carlowitz in Szerem, the 26th of January 1609. Together with the Approbation and Subscription of the Mediators, and the Acceptance and Ratification of the Said Treaty, by the most Serene Republick of Venice. Given at the Ducal Palace the 7th of Feb. 1699.

       BE it known to all and every one whom it concerns, That after a Declaration of Peace was made by the Mediation of the most Serene and most Potent Prince and Lord, William III. King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, and the High and Mighty States General of the United Netherlands, for restoring Tranquillity, which had been disturb'd several Years by a War, and for renewing the Friendship between the Sublime Ottoman Emperor and the most Serene Republick of Venice, a Congress was appointed for that end, between the Plenipotentiarys of both Partys at Carlowitz in Szerem, by the Intervention of the most illustrious and the most excellent Lords, the Lord William Paget, Baron of Beaudefert, and the Heer James Colyer, both Ambassadors at the Ottoman Porte, the former from the most Serene King of Great Britain, and the latter from the High and Mighty States of the United Netherlands, who most diligently and faithfully perform'd the mediatorial Office of Ambassadors Plenipotentiary for restoring this Peace, and after the Exchange of the full Powers on both sides, the Congress was continued. But the most illustrious, and most excellent Lord, Charles Ruzzini Knt. Ambassador Plenipotentiary of the said most Serene Republick, after various Conferences held concerning a Peace, even tho he had time enough and to spare for consideration of the Articles, yet by reason of several Difficultys which occurr'd to him, cou'd not proceed in the Treaty : We therefore the underwritten Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of his Sacred Imperial Majesty, and of his Royal Majesty of Poland, perceiving the Expiration of the last Term granted near at hand, and the immediate Necessity of bringing the Treaty to an absolute Conclusion, in regard to the Preliminarys settled at this Congress by the Endeavours of the said Lords the Mediators, and by the Consent of all of us, especially in regard to the Reason declar'd in the 3d Article, having a desire to promote the Peace of the most Serene Republick of Venice, have undertaken the Treaty in their Name ; and in regard to the solemn Foundation of this Peace, heretofore establish'd inviolably between his Imperial Majesty, the Republick of Venice, and the Sublime Empire, have in the best manner we cou'd, concluded a Treaty with the most illustrious and most excellent the Lords Ambassadors Plenipotentiary of the Ottoman Porte, viz. the Lord Mehemet Effendi, Chancellor of the Sublime Ottoman Empire, and the Lord Mauro Cordato, of the Noble Family of Scarlati, late Chancellor of the said Empire, and private Secretary, containing sixteen Articles as follows.

Fiat Insertio.

       After all 'tis further agreed, with the abovemention'd Ambassadors of the Sublime Ottoman Empire, that as long as the said Lords the Ambassadors stay here, if the Venetian Ambassador resolve to accept of the Articles above inserted, he mall presently reduce them into the Form of an Instrument, and after having sign'd and seal'd it, deliver it to the Ottoman Plenipotentiarys, and receive the Duplicate of it sign'd and seal'd in like manner by them ; on Condition nevertheless, that it shall not be lawful to change, restrain, amplify or alter the abovemention'd Articles with respect : to the Limits and Places, nor in any other respect, but in those things only which shall seem to appertain to the Offices of greater Friendship. But if when the Lords Ambassadors of the Sublime Ottoman Empire go away, it happens that the said Lord Ambassador of Venice be still undetermin'd, then it shall be lawful for the said Republick of Venice, within thirty Days after the Conclusion of this happy general Peace, to ratify this Instrument, to transmit their Ratification to the Lords the Ambassadors Mediators, to extend the Articles to reciprocal Offices of Friendship, and compleatly to finish the present Treaty at Vienna, by their Ambassador Plenipotentiary residing there, within the space of two Months.

       But if the said Republick does not acquiesce in the above recited Articles, even while the illustrious Mediation continues at Vienna, and while one or other of the Imperial Ministers Plenipotentiary be present, the Ambassadors of both Partys may reassume and direct this Treaty : on these Conditions nevertheless, that the Preliminary and Fundamental Instrument heretofore Stipulated, by the mutual Consent of the Partys, may religiously and inviolably be observ'd by both equally alike in all Things ; nor shall the Articles of Peace recited in this present Instrument be called in question, nor shall one Party take more Advantage of them than the other.

       Moreover, within the space of six Months, from the Day that the solemn Embassy of the Sublime Ottoman Empire arrives at Vienna, according to the Terms of the Preliminary and Fundamental Instrument so often mention'd, the Venetian Ambassador Plenipotentiary at Vienna shall finish his Treaty, and moreover exchange the authentick Instruments necessary for both Partys ;  and consequently the Republick of Venice shall be included in this happy Peace, a Cessation of Arms being observ'd in the mean time on both sides, according to the Reason declar'd in the Articles above inserted, and all manner of Hostilitys and Offences being stop'd by Land and Sea, and no Contravention of the Articles hereby establish'd being admitted. But if neither the abovenam'd Republick can bring its Treaty to a Conclusion within the Terms abovemention'd, it shall rest upon the said Republick to take care of their own Affairs. And whereas the abovemention'd Ambassadors Plenipotentiarys of the Sublime Ottoman Empire have, by virtue of their Power, Authority and Deputation, deliver'd to us the authentick and lawful Instrument, confirm'd with their Hands and Seals ; we also the Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiarys of his Imperial Majesty, and his Majesty the King of Poland, by virtue of his Imperial Majesty's, and the most Serene King of Poland,  general full Powers, and the Lords Ambassadors Plenipotentiarys Mediators being also present, and witnessing it, have likewise confirm'd the said Instrument of the Conditions of the Peace (promoted, as above, by our Officers for the famous Republick of Venice) with our Hands and Seals. Done at the Congress of Carlowitz in Szerem under the Tent, Jan. 26, 1699.

       (L. S.) Wolfgangus C. ab Otting.
       (L. S.) Leopoldus C. Schlik,
       (L. S.) S. Matachouski.

       We attest and confirm, by our Hands and Seals, that the foregoing Instruments were done, concluded and confirm'd in presence of us, by virtue of our publick Function as Mediators, the Year and Day abovementioned.

       (L. S.) WILLIAM PAGET.
       (L. S.) J. COLYER.

A Copy of the Form added by the most Serene Republick of Venice, for the Ratification of the Instrument of Peace.

       SLYVESTER VALERIO, by the Grace of God, Doge of Venice, &c. We make known and certify, that on the 26th Day of January 1699, according to the Computation of the Empire, an Instrument of the following Tenour was concluded in the Congress at Carlowitz.

After the inserting of the said Instrument.

       We therefore, and our Senate, do altogether approve of, and ratify the said sixteen Articles of the Peace, between the most Serene Mustapha Emperor of the Turks, and our Republick, promising on the Word of the aforesaid Republick, inviolably to observe all and singular the Articles, and not to suffer them, if we can help it, to be violated by others. In Witness whereof, we acknowledge these Presents to be our Act and Deed, have sign'd them with our Hand, and confirm'd them with our Ducal Seal, at the Ducal Palace on the 7th of February 1699.

                                                                                                                                                                  M.V.
                                                                                                                                    Sylvester Valerio Doge of Venice.
                                                                                                                                    The Ducal Seal is appendant in Silver.
                                                                                                                                     Agostino Bianchi Secretary.


Whatley, Samuel. A General Collection of Treatys of Peace and Commerce, Manifestos, Declarations of War, and other Publick Papers, from the End of the Reign of Queen Anne to the Year 1731, Vol. IV. London: J.J. and P. Knapton et al., 1732. pp. 290-322.