Angelique Chan, Athel Hu, Chetna Malhotra, Rahul Malhotra, Truls Østbye, Kiersten Strombotne and Treena Wu
The Informal Care Survey 2010 is the first nationally representative population-based survey from Singapore to explore various facets of care giving for community dwelling older adults.
The Informal Care Survey is the first nationally representative population-based survey from Singapore to explore various facets of care giving for community-dwelling older adults.
The key objectives of the survey are to identify the social and demographic characteristics of informal caregivers in Singapore looking after an elderly family member, identify the profile of the recipients of care, determine the specific care giving tasks are being performed and time spent doing these tasks, identify which informal caregivers are coping well with their care giving responsibilities and which are not, as well as the factors that might explain this difference (e.g. financial burden, lack of support, choice in providing such care), determine the impact of care giving (e.g., physical and mental health/well-being, employment) and the needs of informal caregivers (e.g., training, respite, financial assistance, education, formal home care), identify the social and demographic characteristics of a group of potential family caregivers of elderly who will need care in the future and determine the future choice mix of care among a group of elderly who do not currently need care.
During the course of the survey, commissioned by the Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports (MCYS), Singapore, a total of 3600 individuals, comprising 1500 'care recipient-primary informal caregiver' dyads and 300 'potential care recipient-potential primary informal caregiver' dyads, will be interviewed at their dwellings. For the purpose of the survey, a care recipient (CR) is defined as 'a community-dwelling older adult aged 75 years or more with a limitation in at least one activity of daily living (ADL) or instrumental ADL (IADL)', a primary informal caregiver (CG) is defined as 'a family member or friend of the CR who is most involved in providing care or ensuring provision of care to the CR', a potential care recipient (PCR) is defined as 'a community-dwelling older adult aged 75 years or more with no limitation in any ADL or IADL', and a potential primary informal caregiver (PCG) is defined as 'a family member or friend of the PCR who most likely to be the one to provide care or ensure provision of care to the PCR', when required'. The survey instruments have been developed and pilot tested. The field work for the survey has commenced and is expected to be completed by July 2011.
Angelique Chan is an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology FASS. She has a joint appointment in the Health Services and Systems Research Program (HSSR) at Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore. She earned her Masters and PhD in Demography from the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) and her Postdoctoral fellowship from the University of Michigan at Ann-Arbor.
She is the Principal Investigator of the "Social Isolation, Health and Lifestyles Survey in Singapore" and the new "Informal Care Survey in Singapore" both funded by the Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports; and a Co-Principal Investigator of the "Comparative project of aging and health in Japan, Singapore, & the Philippines", funded by Nihon University, Japan & Japanese Ministry of Education. She is also the Director of the Tsao Foundation Aging Research Initiative at NUS.
A/P Chan's main areas of interest are health issues among the aged and family and social support systems for the elderly. Her published works include academic papers and book chapters that focus on ageing in Singapore and comparative analysis of Singapore with other countries in the region. A/P Chan is also the co-author of a book titled "Ageing in Singapore: Service Needs and the State".
A/P Chan is the recipient for several awards including teaching excellence award by NUS in 2004 and the NUS Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences Merit Award for work done 1997-2000.
Athel Hu is a Research Assistant in the Department of Sociology. She graduated from the National University of Singapore with a Bachelor's degree (with Honors) in Sociology. She was on the Dean's list in 2009 for outstanding academic performance. She also took part in several quantitative and qualitative research projects funded by external agencies as an undergraduate student research assistant with her professors in the sociology department throughout her undergraduate years.
Her main areas of interest include aging, family, youth, sociology of education and medical sociology. For her Honors Thesis, she carried out a qualitative study on social isolation and its relationship to mental health outcomes of the elderly. By using qualitative methodology, she was able to trace the dynamics of how social isolation affects mental health and vice versa.
Currently, she is assisting with the Community Study for ILTC Services funded by the Agency of Integrated Care (AIC) and the Tsao Foundation Aging Research Initiative of NUS Homecare Study. She is also working on reports for several surveys commissioned by the Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports.
Chetna Malhotra is a Research Fellow at the Program in Health Services and Systems Research, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore. She is a medically trained epidemiologist. She earned her MBBS and MD (Community Medicine) from India. She then obtained her MPH from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, US during which she was awarded the Delta Omega Theta Award for Academic Excellence.
Chetna's research interests include health of vulnerable population groups including women, children and elderly. Her current work in Singapore focuses on the social determinants of health among elderly and end-of-life care issues in Singapore. She was responsible for the overall co-ordination and management of the Social Isolation, Health and Lifestyles Survey and later worked with other members of the research team in the analysis of survey data. She is also the co-investigator for a study validating mental health screening instruments in Singapore and principal investigator for a project examining preferences of Singaporeans for end-of-life care. Her published work includes academic papers focusing on health of women and children in India and health and well-being of elderly Singaporeans.
Rahul Malhotra a medically-trained public health researche, is a Senior Research Fellow with Prof. Truls Østbye in the Program for Health Services and Systems Research at the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School. He underwent his basic (M.B.B.S) and specialist (M.D. in Community Medicine) medical training at Maulana Azad Medical College, University of Delhi, India. He then earned his M.P.H degree from the Harvard School of Public Health, for which he was awarded the Presidential Scholarship by Harvard University and the Inlaks Scholarship by the Inlaks Foundation.
He is intimately involved in analysis of the "Social Isolation, Health and Lifestyles Survey in Singapore", and in the design, conduct and analysis of the "Informal Care Survey in Singapore" both funded by the Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports.
His main areas of interest are Health of older adults, Obesity, Social Determinants of Health, Health Promotion, Dementia, and Maternal and Child Health. He has published 38 research papers, 7 of them looking at various aspects of health of older adults in different Asian countries. He has given guest lectures on various issues relevant for public health research and practice for undergraduate and graduate students at NUS.
Truls Østbye, a chronic disease epidemiologist and public health researcher, is a Professor and the Vice-Chair for Research in the Department of Community and Family Medicine at Duke University, Durham, NC, USA and a Professor in the Health Services and Systems Research Program and the Office of Clinical Sciences at the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore. He earned his M.D. and Ph.D. degrees at the University of Bergen, Norway, and his M.P.H degree at the Harvard School of Public Health.
He has a special interest in diseases of the elderly, obesity and global health. In Singapore, his current research includes studies of: health and lifestyles of elderly Singaporeans, physical, mental and social facets of care giving for elderly Singaporeans, risk factors for threatened and complete miscarriages, and evaluation of workplace health promotion programs. He is intimately involved in analysis of the "Social Isolation, Health and Lifestyles Survey in Singapore", and in the design, conduct and analysis of the "Informal Care Survey in Singapore" both funded by the Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports.
His current research in the USA includes studies of: obesity in the postpartum period and in children, use of clinical preventive services, cognitive decline, health and social support among the elderly, doctor-patient communication, and occupational health surveillance among health care workers. His global health projects include those of health and illness among textile workers in Sri Lanka, febrile illness in Sri Lanka and secondary analysis of DHS Indian datasets for maternal and child health outcomes. He currently is the PI of two R01 grants from the NIH and he has authored or coauthored over 250 peer reviewed papers in the medical and public health literature.
Kiersten Strombotne is a Research Associate in the Health Services and Systems Research Program (HSSR) at Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore. She earned her Bachelors degree in Economics and Latin American Studies from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Her main areas of interest are the evaluation of the economic effectiveness and implementation of public health interventions as well as the economic impact of obesity. In addition, her research has focused on healthy aging and long-term caregiving issues for the elderly in Singapore.
Treena Wu is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in the Department of Sociology FASS and the Tsao Foundation Aging Research Initiative at NUS. She earned her Masters degree from New York University and PhD in Economics from Maastricht University. She wrote her PhD dissertation on family income and human capital investment in Indonesia.
Her areas of specialization are in labor economics - human capital theory (health and education) and development economics. Her main areas of interest are intergenerational transfers, economics of aging and household behavior.
Prior to coming to Singapore, she was a European Commission Marie Curie Fellow and a Haas Visiting Scholar at University of California at Berkeley. As a part of the NUS Tsao Foundation Aging Research Initiative at NUS, she studies Asian families and intergenerational transfers.