Undergraduate Information


Module Descriptions

Level 1000

Level 2000

Level 3000

Core Modules (3232-3236)

Elective Modules (3231-3248)

Elective Modules (3249-3258)

Elective Modules (3259-)

Lab Modules (3281-3283)

Lab Modules (3283A-3289)

Level 4000

4201-4216

4217-4226

4227-4236

4237-4880C

4880F-4880R

4880S

Level 5000

PL1101E

Introduction to Psychology

This module introduces psychology as an empirical, behavioural science. The aim is to provide students with a broad overview of the different fields in psychology. The emphasis of the course is two-fold: first, so that students appreciate the diversity and richness of the psychology discipline; second, to acquaint students with the important principles, theories, concepts and findings in psychology. Topics covered include the biological bases of behaviours, developmental psychology, social psychology, cognitive psychology, and abnormal psychology.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-0-7
Prerequisite(s): Nil
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

FMA1201N

Music on the Brain

This freshman seminar will engage students in an exploration the question of why it is that music affects us the way it does. Music is a universal aspect of culture and different musical selections and styles evoke a wide variety of emotions. Why is this? This question will be explored through consideration of the nature of music, its physical characteristics, the sensory processes involved in music perception and the neurological and cognitive processes involved in our response to music.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-3-0-3-4
Prerequisite(s): Nil
Preclusion(s): Other Freshman Seminar modules
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

FMA1202N

Neuroeconomics: Brain on Money

We will explore the fascinating fields of Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroeconomics. By exploring recent research, we will examine how our brains make decisions – examining the neurobiology of gambling, wine evaluation, dieting, and even how hormones and genes can alter how you respond to others (altruism and morality).

We will start off with an initial orientation on the brain and research techniques, and then take a discussion-level approach to exploring these intriguing experiments. The focus will be the use of primary literature to facilitate critical thinking skills. Students will write weekly reaction papers and lead presentation on one paper.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-3-0-3-4
Prerequisite(s): Nil
Preclusion(s): Other Freshman Seminar modules
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

GEK1064

Psychology in Everyday Life

The module is designed to equip students who are not planning to major in psychology with basic literacy in the discipline. Students will acquire basic understanding of common human experiences, such as sleep, dreams, learning, and memory from a psychological perspective; and apply psychological knowledge to understand some of the common problematic behaviours we encounter, such as forgetfulness, sleep problems, addiction, eating disorders, depression, and mental retardation. Students will also learn about some of the practical issues, such as whether it is beneficial to boost one’s self-esteem, whether subliminal persuasion works, and how we could find happiness.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): Nil
Preclusion(s): PLB1201 and PL1101E
Cross-listing(s): PLB1201

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PLB1201

Psychology in Everyday Life

The module is designed to equip students who are not planning to major in psychology with basic literacy in the discipline. Students will acquire basic understanding of common human experiences, such as sleep, dreams, learning, and memory from a psychological perspective; and apply psychological knowledge to understand some of the common problematic behaviours we encounter, such as forgetfulness, sleep problems, addiction, eating disorders, depression, and mental retardation. Students will also learn about some of the practical issues, such as whether it is beneficial to boost one’s self-esteem, whether subliminal persuasion works, and how we could find happiness.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): Nil
Preclusion(s): GEK1064 and PL1101E. Students who take PLB1201 and subsequently go on to major in Psychology will not be able to count PLB1201 towards their graduation requirements.
Cross-listing(s): GEK1064

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL2131

Research and Statistical Methods I

This module is aimed at equipping students with the critical thinking and analytical skills necessary as a foundation for evaluating or carrying out empirical research in psychology. It is an essential module for psychology major students. It consists of two sections: the first deals with the design of psychological research; the second covers basic descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. Students will be taught how to design their own empirical study, to carry out appropriate statistical analyses on the data collected so as to draw valid conclusions, and how to write up their findings. Ethical aspects of psychological research are covered.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-0-1-1-6
Prerequisite(s): Obtained a minimum grade of 'C6' in G.C.E. 'O' level Mathematics, or passed at least IB Mathematical Studies SL, or equivalent.
Preclusion(s): UQF2101B
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL2132

Research and Statistical Methods II

This module builds on the methodological and statistical base prepared by PL2131. An essential module for psychology major students, it aims to provide knowledge and experience in conducting a psychological study. Methods of data collection in laboratory and field settings are taught alongside commonly-used statistical techniques for data analysis. Students are introduced to issues of design and analysis in factorial experiments and correlational studies. Students also do experiments in class and learn the use of computer statistical packages for data analysis. A group empirical project is required.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-0-2-4-2
Prerequisite(s): At least a B- in both PL1101E and PL2131, OR has declared Psychology as a major. Students who fail to meet the B- criterion in either of the modules, or both, will have the opportunity to take a department-conducted test, which will act as an alternative prerequisite.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3232

Biological Psychology

This course provides a general one-semester introduction to the relationship between brain and behaviour. Although no background knowledge is assumed other than from the introductory psychology course, those with an interest in biological bases of behaviour or neuroscience will be advantaged. The course is intended primarily for students doing a single major in Psychology, and is designed as an introduction to those wishing to pursue advanced courses in Cognitive Neuroscience (PL3285 & PL4206). The course will focus on key questions asked about the brain, such as: How is the brain organised? How do drugs affect our behaviour? How does the brain see, hear and produce movement? How does it learn and think? Clinical topics, such as Parkinson's Disease and schizophrenia will be integrated into the course, as will fMRI research methods and findings. Emphasis will be given to the key principles of nervous system function, however, the course still requires a lot of factual information to be assimilated and memorized.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3233

Cognitive Psychology

This module deals with the psychological study of human information processing; learning and memory; acquisition, retrieval, and forgetting; and general knowledge, concepts, reasoning, and related issues in cognition. The impact of computational approaches on cognition is considered.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3234

Developmental Psychology

This module is primarily for psychology major students, for whom it is a core area. It aims to provide an overview of the major issues in developmental psychology, with a main focus on infancy and childhood. The development of individual differences is reviewed. Stage and process theories of cognitive, social and linguistic development are evaluated. The extent to which research findings have pan-cultural and local application is considered throughout the course. The importance of empirical research is stressed, and students are recommended to take PL2131 before taking this module.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3235

Social Psychology

This course provides a broad foundation for the study of human social behaviour. Topics such as attitudes, social cognition, interpersonal relations and group processes are discussed. One aim of this course is to introduce students to the theories and research of social psychology. A second aim is to help students appreciate how the findings of social psychologists are relevant and applicable to the day-to-day situations in our lives.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3236

Abnormal Psychology

This core module covers most of the common mental health problems identified for children and adults, e.g. eating disorders, behavioural problems, attention deficits, learning disabilities, schizophrenia, anxiety, stress, depression, personality disorders, sexual adjustment, substance abuse, suicide, and dementia. The lectures and discussion groups provide an introduction to clinical intervention, but emphasis is placed on the theoretical formulation of problems. Whenever possible, films and case studies are used to supplement the textbook and readings, and a visit to the local Institute of Mental Health will usually be arranged.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E
Preclusion(s): SW3217 Mental Health and Illness
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3231

Independent Research Project

This module allows students to undertake an individual research project under staff supervision. Students wishing to read this module are advised to obtain additional details from the Department.

Note: Students are reminded that performing a literature review alone will not be sufficient to meet the requirements of this module. Some form of data processing/analysis need to be conducted. The data may come from a primary source (data collection from participants) or an archival source.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-0-10-0
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and consent of Supervisor. Students must have obtained at least a ‘C’ grade in one of the prerequisite modules.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3237

Language & Cognitive Processes

This module covers aspects of current research in the fields of psycholinguistics, cognitive psychology and cognitive neuropsychology. Reading material is supplemented with local case studies to facilitate discussion of issues relevant to language and cognition in multilingual populations. Lectures, tutorials and workshops will include the following topics: brain-language relationships and levels of explanation; emergence of literacy skills; acquired and developmental disorders of spoken language; cognitive analyses of normal and abnormal reading; bilingualism; writing systems and biscriptal reading.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-1-6
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3238

Social Cognition

Social Cognition uses cognitive processes to explain how people think and behave in the social world. It operates on the assumption that interpersonal behaviour is cognitively mediated in that social interactions are determined by what we know and believe about ourselves, other people, and the situations in which we encounter them. Topics to be covered include person perception, person memory, social categorisation, social judgment, unconscious processes, motivation and emotion, and the development of social cognition.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-0-7
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3235
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3239

Industrial and Organisational Psychology

This module is intended to expose students to applications of the facts and principles of scientific psychology to industrial and organisational settings. Topics include the structure and function of organisations; selection and training; management of efficiency (motivation, working conditions, and coping attitudes); and group processes in organisations. Lectures build the knowledge base of the students; case discussions encourage applications of their knowledge.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-0-7
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131 and PL2132
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3240

Group Dynamics

This module is built around applications of theoretical and experimental psychology to group processes. The psychological processes underlying human interactions in groups are the principal foci. Topics included are group formation, development of group structure, formulation of group goals, team building, leadership and power within groups, conflicts, group decision-making, and group changes. Psychological tools and skills relevant for research in field settings are also examined.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E and PL3235
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3241

Personality & Individual Differences

This module introduces students to research on personality and individual differences. The main theories and measurement of related constructs will be discussed with an emphasis on normal, rather than abnormal, populations. Topics covered may include personality traits, motivational constructs, cognitive ability constructs and cognitive styles. Reference will also be made to some current applications such as personnel selection.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E and PL2131
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3242

Health Psychology

This module explores the role of psychological factors in physical health. Topics covered may include the relationship of mind and body, the role of human behaviour in health, stress and coping as they relate to health, the nature of illness, patient-practitioner relations, chronic illness and disability, death and dying, and the relationship of psychology to such important health problems as AIDS, cancer, heart disease and pain.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-3-4
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3243

Sensation and Perception

The aim of the module is to introduce students to the basic methods of vision science, and to fundamental aspects of, and current research in, sensation and perception. The methods part of the course introduces the student to both classical and modern psychophysical methods, as well as the basic concepts of fourier analysis. The content part examines aspects of sensory psychology, with emphases on vision and audition. We will trace an arc that starts from a consideration of neural processing, and ends with the representation of the perceptual world in the brain.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E and PL3233
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3244

Adolescent Psychology

Adolescence is a period of many transitions. This module will explore some of these transitions, ranging from the physical changes related to puberty to the psychological processes of identity formation to the social challenges of negotiating new patterns of relationships with family and peers.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E and PL3234
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3248

Learning and Conditioning

Learning is a fundamental area of psychology and everyday life. This module focuses on how humans and other animals learn information, for example associations between different stimuli in their environment, or between their actions and the outcomes of those actions. The concepts of classical (Pavlovian) conditioning and instrumental (operant) conditioning will be introduced, alongside various learning phenomena (e.g. acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery, overshadowing, blocking, sensory preconditioning, latent inhibition). While some mathematical learning theories such as the Rescorla-Wagner model will be discussed, an effort will be made to relate these more abstract concepts to adaptive everyday life functioning as well as clinical issues such as anxiety disorders, addiction and behavioural therapy.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-0-7
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132, and PL3232 or PL3233
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3249

Memory

The course will examine contemporary theories of human memory. Topics range from sensory memory all the way to long-term memory. Evidence for different types of memory systems such as episodic, generic, implicit, and procedural will be discussed. Biological and developmental bases for human memory will also be covered. The course will use these topics to explore the link between research, theory, and data on human memory.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL3232 and PL3233
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3250

Human Performance

This module concerns the application of experimental psychology research to the improvement of human-machine/ environment interactions. This is not designed as a "cookbook" module where the principles of good human factors are merely enumerated. Rather, the emphasis will be placed on the theoretical principles underlying information processing and human performance. The topics include: signal detection and information theory; attention; spatial displays; navigation; memory and training; selection of action, manual control; time-sharing and workload; and the effects of stress on human error.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-3-4
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E and PL3233
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3251

Atypical Development and Language

In this module, we will focus on areas of development in infants and young children: these include cognitive, language, and emotional development. This module aims to give students who are interested in child development a chance to examine in further depth aspects of child development, as well as some areas of atypical development. In particular, we will explore how current research informs our understanding of normal development in infants and children. Topics covered include developmental disorders such as autism, atypical language such as speech language impairment and aspects of parent-child attachment.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-1-6
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E and PL3234
Preclusion(s): PL3880A
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3252

Social-Cognitive Perspectives on Emotion

This module offers an exploration of current social-cognitive research on emotions. Emotions are complex, multiply-determined states that influence our experiences, biochemistry, thinking, actions, relationships, motivations, and behaviours, as well as our health. Topics to be covered in this module include ‘what is the nature of emotion?’, ‘what functions, if any, do specific emotions serve?’, ‘what are their antecedents and their consequences?’, among others. The discussion of emotion will stretch across various sub-disciplines in psychology, such as developmental psychology, biological psychology, social and personality psychology, cognitive neuroscience, social-cognition, cross-cultural psychology and evolutionary psychology.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload:: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E and PL3235
Preclusion(s): PL3880B
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3253

Psychobiological Perspectives on Emotion

The course will provide an overview of past and current theories on how emotions are implemented in the brain and how they interact with cognitive, behavioural and psychophysiological systems. In accord with current insights, individual emotion systems including happiness, anger, fear, and disgust will be introduced and potential dysfunctions of these systems in relation to psychological and psychiatric disorders will be discussed. The knowledge provided in this course will be applicable to other areas of psychology including but not limited to clinical, social, industrial/organisational and experimental psychology.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3232
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3254

Introduction to Trauma Psychology

This module provides an overview of current psychological theories and research in the understanding of abnormal and maladaptive human responses to psychological trauma and life adversities. Topics include self-mutilation, suicide, pathological grief, acute stress reactions, and post-traumatic stress disorders resulting from interpersonal and family violence, sexual victimization, traumatic loss and death, disaster, and other critical life events. Resilience and post-traumatic growth in the face of life challenges will also be discussed. This module has a special focus on cultural and gender issues in relation to human traumatic stress reactions and resilient functioning.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-1-6
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E and PL3236
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3255

Introduction to Paediatric Psychology

This course is an intermediate level course in child psychology. It is intended to build greater understanding of the interface between child psychology and medicine, with a focus on how illness can affect development in children. The impact of acute and chronic illness on children transcends their physical health and this course is aimed at teaching students about distinct neuropsycholoigical, emotional, interpersonal and daily living issues that emerge for children who become ill.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3234
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3256

Infant Development

Infant development refers to changes in cognitive, social and motor abilities that occur during the first year of life. The course will include an overview of research methods in psychological research on infants and of psychological theories that have inspired infancy research. Research in prenatal development that bears on infant cognitive development will be covered. In addition, recent research on visual perception, linguistic development, numerical knowledge, categorization, social‐emotional development and motor development will be covered.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-3-4
Prerequisite(s): PL 1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3234
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3257

Introduction to Clinical Psychology

This module will introduce students to the history, evolution, and contemporary practices of clinical psychology.

Students will use the scientist practitioner model to study underlying theoretical frameworks and the skills and practices of clinical psychologists.

Ethical and professional issues covered include classification and diagnosis, clinical research, assessment, case formulation and treatment planning, interventions, and prevention.

The materials will be discussed in the context of typical work settings of clinical psychologists (e.g. mental health, forensic or neuropsychological) and across varied client populations (e.g. children, adults, couples).


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E and PL3236
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3258

Decision Neuroscience

Decision Neuroscience is the study of the neural mechanisms of human decision making. This module will provide a broad introductory examination of this topic, to facilitate an intermediate understanding of cognitive neuroscience. This module builds upon the introductory level Biological Psychology module and helps prepare students for honours level discussion modules in the area.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-3-4
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3232
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3259

Psychology of Ageing

This course is an introduction to the study of ageing that views the ageing process as a normal part of lifespan development. This includes exploring what ageing means, examining which factors are involved in healthy and pathological aspects of ageing, and distinguishing between ageing stereotypes and reality. Students will study the research for age-related change (and stability) in several psychological domains in the context of changing paradigms of ageing, examining various issues in ageing (e.g., transition to retirement, health-related changes, optimal ageing factors), as well as multiple influences on the experience of ageing (e.g., caregiving, societal policies, attitudes toward elderly).


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL3234 and PL3235
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3260

Moral Development

This module will introduce students to the study of the origins, development and cognitive processing of morality. The module will cover the beginnings of moral psychology, the early theories of moral development, the contemporary developmental research on infants’ and children’s moral decision-making, and the influence of society (e.g., media, law, parenting) on children’s moral development. Through lectures, discussions, course readings, and essay writing we will analyse and debate whether morality is innate, adaptive, and unique from other aspects of cognitive development.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-3-4
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131 and PL2132
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3261

Statistical Techniques in Psychological Research

This module aims to further develop students’ skills in statistical analyses for psychological research, with emphasis on the use of statistical software (e.g., SPSS, R) and a focus on applications to PL4401 Honours Thesis. It adopts a hands-on approach to various statistical techniques, some of which extend from the techniques covered in PL2131 and PL2132 while others are more advanced topics. Four recurring themes underlie the learning of these techniques: (i) formulating research questions into statistical hypotheses, (ii) selecting the right statistical tests for the hypotheses, (iii) carrying out the tests, and (iv) properly interpreting the results and drawing conclusions.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-3-0-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL2131, PL2132, and (PL3231 or one of the PL328x modules)
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3551

FASS Undergraduate Research Opportunity (UROP)

A UROP involves the student working with a supervisor, and usually in a team, on an existing research project. It has relevance to the student's Major, and involves the application of subject knowledge, methodology and theory in reflection upon the research project.

UROPs usually take place within FASS or ARI, though a few involve international partners. All are vetted and approved by the Major department. All are assessed.

UROPs can be proposed by supervisor or student, and require the approval of the Major department.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-0-8-2
Prerequisite(s): Cohort 2012 onwards: Students must: have declared a Major, completed a minimum of 24 MCs in that Major, and have a CAP of at least 3.20.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3880

Topics in Psychology

Topics not already covered by level-3000 modules can be taught under this module. The contents will vary from time to time, contingent upon the interests and expertise of the teaching staff.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-0-7
Prerequisite(s): Nil
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3880C

Alcohol, Drugs and Behaviour

The overarching objective of the class is to allow students to become knowledgeable about basic pharmacology and understand how neuro-pharmacology can lead to changes in behaviour. The teaching style will be lecture with discussion of relevant scientific studies from the animal and human literature. Major topics covered will be neurophysiology, neuropharmacology, effects of alcohol, cocaine, marijuana and nicotine on humans.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 2-1-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3281

Lab in Cognitive Psychology

Students will be introduced to the different methodologies used in cognitive research such as classical psychophysics, signal detection theory, reaction time paradigms, judgment tasks, similarity ratings, memory measures, and psycholinguistic methods. Selected topics on perception, attention, memory, categorisation, language, problem solving, and decision making will be used to illustrate these methods. Students will work in small groups to design and conduct an experiment using these methodologies and submit individual research reports. Prior background and interest in cognitive psychology will be very helpful.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3233
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3281A

Lab in Perception and Attention

The focus of this lab will be perception and attention. Students will be introduced to the different methodologies used in cognitive research such as classical psychophysics, signal detection theory, and reaction time paradigms. Selected topics on perception and attention will be used to illustrate these methods. Please approach the department if you require clarifications on your eligibility to read this module.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3233
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3281B

Lab in Memory and Cognition

Students will be introduced to the different methodologies for assessing memory performance such as simple and complex memory spans, direct and indirect tests of memory. Selected techniques in manipulating encoding and studying retrieval in short-term memory, working memory, and long-term memory will be covered. Students will work in small groups to design and conduct an experiment using these methodologies and submit individual research reports. Prior background and interest in cognitive psychology will be very helpful. Please approach the department if you require clarifications on your eligibility to read this module.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3233
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3281C

Lab in Reading Processes

This module extends students' experience of laboratory work to the fields of cognitive psychology and psycholinguistics. On a general level, students will learn about the principles of experimental design, ethics appraisal, data collection, and statistical analysis. More specifically, students will identify a research question, conduct their own experiment, and write up a laboratory report on topics relevant to models of word recognition and reading.

Please approach the department if you require clarifications on your eligibility to read this module.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3233
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3281D

Lab in Music Perception and Cognition

Lab in Music Perception and Cognition introduces students to experimental music psychology. Specifically, students will ask research questions, conduct experiments, and write research manuscripts on topics relevant to music perception and cognition. Prior training in cognitive psychology and music will be essential.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3233
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3282

Lab in Social Psychology

This laboratory is intended to expose students majoring in psychology with both correlational and experimental approaches to research on how people feel, think, and act in relation to others. Studies will include topics such as attitudes and social cognition (e.g., beliefs, attitudes and values, social influence, attribution and impression formation) and interpersonal and group relations (e.g. aggression, altruism, attraction, prejudice and discrimination, followers and leaders). Both laboratory and field methods of testing hypotheses will be covered. Importance of using personality and culture of people as moderators of their social behaviours will be emphasised.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3235
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3282A

Lab in Interpersonal Relationships

This first half of the module will explicate different methods and paradigms in social psychology with interpersonal relationships studies. The design aims to provide students a broad overview of methodologies as well as a deeper understanding of the important issues in interpersonal relationship research. In the second half of the module, students would carry out group projects, applying their knowledge to conducting a research study. They will have hands-on experiences at different research stages, from how a research study is formulated, crystallised and carried out to data analysis, results presentation and writing-up.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3235
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3282B

Lab in Person and Group Cognition

This laboratory is intended to train students majoring in psychology in the experimental analyses of people’s cognition of persons and groups. After initial reading-based sessions on measurement, scales, and experimental procedures, students will plan a project on impression formation, interpersonal attraction, or group cognition, perform the experiments to test the hypotheses, analyse the data, and prepare a report.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3235
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3282C

Lab in Attitudes

This first half of the module will explicate different methods and paradigms in social psychology with attitudes and persuasion studies. The course aims to provide students with a broad overview of methodologies as well as a deeper understanding of the important issues in attitudes research at the same time. For the second half of the module, students will carry out group projects, applying their knowledge to conducting research. They will have hands-on experiences at different research stages, from how a research question is formulated, operationalized and investigated, to data analysis, result presentation and writing-up.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3235
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3283

Lab in Developmental Psychology

This lab module will give students a practical introduction to methods and techniques in developmental psychology. The exact age range and techniques targeted may vary from infancy to adolescence to the aged depending on the instructor and the availability of participants. The aim is to cover essential ethical, theoretical, methodological, and practical issues of importance when conducting research. Observational and experimental methods will be covered, and basic techniques and tools of developmental assessment will be introduced. Target students are single psychology majors, especially those who are also reading or intending to read theoretical courses in Developmental Psychology.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3234
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3283A

Lab in Adolescent Psychology

This module seeks to give students a practical introduction to some of the concepts, methods, and techniques used in research or practical interventions involving adolescents. The aim of the module is to cover essential conceptual, methodological, ethical, and practical issues of importance when conducting research or designing practical interventions on adolescents, especially in Singapore and Asia.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3234
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3283B

Lab in Development of Communication

This lab module will introduce to students linguistic and non-linguistic ways of human communication from psycholinguistic perspectives. It addresses the following issues: 1) How do speakers communicate? 2) How do they modify the ways of communication to accommodate different circumstances? 3) When and how do children develop different ways of communication? 4) Are their cross-linguistic differences in ways of communication? 5) How do communication-impaired adults and children incorporate other modalities to communicate? Theoretical and empirical issues will be discussed. Students will also be conducting scientific studies to examine latest issues of human communication.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3234
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3284

Lab in Applied Psychology

This module is designed to provide psychology majors with hands-on experience using research designs and methods commonly used in applied psychology such as health, engineering, education, and industrial/ organisational psychology. Students will work in teams to carry out research exercises on specific topics in applied psychology. Topics to be covered will vary depending on the specific application of psychology. The focus will be on understanding the rationale, design, and interpretation of empirical research in the specific application. Target students are psychology majors who intend on a career in psychology or to pursue a postgraduate degree.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131 and PL2132
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3285

Lab in Biological Psychology

Biological Psychology (cognitive neuroscience) is a fast-moving multidisciplinary and fundamental area at the cutting-edge of psychology research that involves psychology, neuroscience, medicine, statistics and physics. Students will be introduced to functional magnetic imaging (fMRI) and event-related potentials (ERP) as well as the underlying physiological processes, technical design issues and cutting-edge experiments. Students will then work in small groups to propose experimental designs. The best design will be selected and all students will help conduct the experiment at one of the local hospitals. Individual student groups will then independently process, analyse and interpret these data. Prior background in biological psychology is essential.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3232
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3286

Lab in Health Psychology

This module is designed to provide psychology majors with hands-on experience using research designs and methods commonly used in health psychology, including both questionnaire and experimental methods. Students will work in teams to carry out research exercises on specific topics in health psychology. Topics to be covered may include health attitudes, health behaviours, and psychophysiological responses to stress among others. The focus will be on understanding the rationale, design, and interpretation of empirical research in the specific application within health psychology. This module is particularly relevant for psychology majors interested in a career in psychology or who wish to pursue a postgraduate degree.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3242
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3287

Lab in Clinical/Abnormal Psychology

This module provides the foundation training in the use of major research skills and techniques in clinical and abnormal psychology. Students will have opportunities to observe and conduct research in clinical settings. This module is particularly relevant for psychology major students who are interested in pursuing a postgraduate research or professional training program in clinical psychology.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3236
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3288

Lab in Electroencephalography (EEG)

Ongoing electrical changes in the human brain can be measured non‐invasively using electrodes placed on the scalp. This technique, called electroencephalography (EEG), allows the neural and cognitive basis of information processing to be examined, and is also used clinically for diagnosis of neurological dysfunction. In this module, students will develop a basic understanding of the neurophysiology underlying EEG and how EEG can be used as a tool to investigate the brain. To this end, students will learn to acquire, analyse, and interpret EEG data in order to answer questions about the biological basis of behavior.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132, PL3232 and PL3233
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL3289

Lab in Decision Science

This module is designed to provide psychology majors with hands-on experience using research designs and methods commonly used in decision science. Topics to be covered include the decoy effect, framing effect, ambiguity aversion, delay discounting, fairness, game theory, and cooperation. We will review seminal and most recent research on these topics and discuss implications for understanding human decision making in real-life situations. Students will then work in small groups to design and conduct an experiment using these methodologies/paradigms and submit individual research reports.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-0-3-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and PL3235
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4201

Psychometrics and Psychological Testing

The course is designed for students to acquire important scientific knowledge and practical professional skills in the areas of psychometrics and psychological testing. Topics covered include paradigms in psychological testing and research, conceptual bases of test construction, principles of reliability, validation strategies, factor analyses, and test fairness analyses.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3-6.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): PL5223
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4202

History and Systems of Psychology

The course aims to provide students with an integrated overview of the development of modern psychology since around 1850. Special attention will be given to the emergence of biological, behavioural, cognitive and social theoretical approaches. The intention is to help students appreciate the paradigm changes that have taken place in the last 150 years, and thus also appreciate the strengths and weaknesses of current paradigms.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3-6.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4203

Cognition

This module introduces the student to the fundamental issues of cognitive science. Specifically, the main concern is how we might model cognition. The topics include the modes of representation, issues relating to the processing of information, and the nature of cognitive architectures. Both classical models of cognition and connectionist models will be considered. There will be several sessions of computer simulation of basic connectionist models. This course is mounted for students interested in how we might study how the mind works.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3233, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3233, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4205

Developmental Processes

This course concerns development in infancy, childhood, adolescence and adulthood. It reviews in depth important cognitive, social and emotional changes during these phases, the theories of development that document these changes and the rich variety of research methodology that track these changes. Students will get a genuine understanding of how current information on human development contribute to, modify or challenge extant theories of development and how far developmental psychology has progressed in the last 50 years.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3234, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3234, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4206

Cognitive Neuroscience

This module introduces recent research findings in Cognitive Neuroscience - in particular, functional brain imaging (fMRI and ERP). We will explore whether brain imaging techniques have illuminated what each part of the brain actually does, and how these different parts interact functionally, before finally discussing recent applications of such findings. Two currently popular application areas are brain-machine/ computer interfaces (using brain-waves to directly control robotic devices) and creating new "sensory abilities" in those people who have sensory impairments (e.g., the blind or deaf). The style of the course will be an informal one, and the "lectures" should be treated more like seminars/ discussions. The emphasis will therefore rely heavily on preparation work outside the lectures that culminates in a fruitful debate during the lectures. To facilitate this style, several lectures will begin with students' critiques of research articles before "opening up the floor" for general discussion.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-1-8.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3232, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3232, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4207

Social Psychology: Theories and Methods

This module deals with contemporary social psychology. Topics include cognitive and learning perspectives in social psychology, quantitative methods in social psychology, attitudes and attitude change, attribution and social perception, altruism and aggression, sex roles, interpersonal attraction, social influence, leadership and power, intergroup relations, and cultural psychology. In discussing these topics, illustrations are given of how research programmes are conducted in social psychology.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3235, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3235, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4208

Introduction to Counselling Psychology

This course aims to provide students with an overview of the content area of counselling psychology. This is an introductory course that can serve as a foundation to specialised training in counselling assessment and interventions. Students will learn basic helping skills and interviewing techniques, receive didactic and experiential training applicable to human service related fields.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3-6.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4213

Cognitive Neuropsychology

Cognitive neuropsychologists analyse case-study data from brain-injured children and adults in order to develop and evaluate models of normal cognitive processes. This module provides an opportunity for students with core knowledge in cognitive psychology, to examine how patterns of impaired performance have informed models of bilingualism, speaking, listening, reading, writing, object recognition, face perception, memory and attention. Wherever possible, video-tapes of patients with these deficits will be used to supplement the main textbook and journal articles. The ensuing discussion will hold implications for rehabilitation, but the emphasis will be on theoretical and methodological issues in the field.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3233, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3233, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4214

Evolutionary Psychology

The aim of this course is to give students an understanding of evolutionary theory and its implications for psychological theory. The idea that behaviour, like physical structure, is evolved in response to selection pressures carries implications for understanding phenomena in a range of diverse fields such as logical reasoning, altruism, competition, mate selection, aggressive behaviour, attachment and child maltreatment. Pitfalls and limitations in the speculative use of evolutionary explanations will be considered, and the way in which such explanations complement those couched in terms of psychological processes or mechanisms will be explored.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3-6.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): UAS3006
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4216

Personnel Selection

This module is primarily for psychology major students. The module covers the science and practice of personnel selection. The purpose of the module is to familiarise students with personnel selection research and heighten students' awareness of validity and utility issues that emerge in the practice of personnel selection. Topics covered include job analysis, theories and measurement of performance and individual difference characteristics, design of validation research, and evaluation of validation data.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-4-5.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4217

Cognitive Neuroscience of Communication

This module will discuss the language, facial, gestural and vocal channels of communication. Attention will be paid to the cognitive and brain mechanisms mediating the perception of emotional and linguistic messages from these channels, how these mechanisms develop in humans, how they compare to other species, and cases in which these mechanisms may be impaired (e.g., autism).


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-0-9.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3232, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3232, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4218

Psychological Assessment

This module introduces the techniques of psychological assessment that are widely used by practising psychologists. Content will include the properties of assessment techniques; the context of assessment and its applications in a clinical setting; practical, social, and ethical considerations in assessment; and an introduction to the assessment of individual differences in intelligence, cognition and ability/ disability. Students will be exposed to some commonly used psychological tests. They will learn to follow the standardised rules of administration, how to use test manuals to interpret test scores, and how to construct a professional psychological report from their findings.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-0-9.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4219

Advanced Abnormal Psychology

This course is an advanced course in Abnormal Psychology. It builds on the fundamental concepts introduced in PL3236, by focusing on some specific areas, e.g., mood, psychotic and anxiety disorders. The role of stress and emotion in psychopathology, and the treatment of these disorders, with drug therapy and cognitive-behavioural therapy will be considered. The student will be introduced to recent advancement in research and practice in these and other cognate domains. The focus of the seminars will be discussion of current basic and clinical research papers.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-1.5-8
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): PL4880A
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4220

Human Psychophysiology

Psychophysiology aims to increase our understanding of mind-body interactions. This course covers the subdisciplines of psychophysiology, which includes electrodermal, cardiovascular and psychoneuroimmunology. Cognitive neuroscience will not covered as this is done elsewhere (e.g., PL3285 & PL4206). Psychophysiological research in health-related areas such as psychosomatic medicine, behavioural medicine and health psychology will be covered. Basic physiology, non-invasive data acquisition equipments, methodology and statistical analyses used by psychophysiologists will also be discussed.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3-6.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3232, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3232, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4221

Early Language Development

This module explores topics on language development in infants and young children: these topics include speech perception, development of phonology, syntax and morphology, vocabulary development, and bilingual language development. We will examine theoretical issues and research methods in these areas. Through the series of seminars which make up this module, we will read and discuss journal articles, with particular attention to current research. Students may benefit from taking PL3234 (Developmental Psychology) before this module.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3234, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3234, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4222

Neuroscience of Memory

This module focuses on the neural underpinnings of memory. This course will cover the biological bases of the different memory systems and how these may interact with biological systems that support other cognitive functions like attention, language etc. Additionally, the various neuroscience methods that are used to study these will be discussed.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-0-9.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), which should include PL3232 and PL3233, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), which should include PL3232 and PL3233, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4223

Introduction to Clinical Neuropsychology

This module introduces advanced students to the field of neuropsychology in the medical environment. The work of neuropsychologists in hospitals is discussed with clinical case examples. Students are familiarised with basic concepts of clinical practice, case formulation, and ethical principles in working with hospital patients. They are also provided with site visit opportunities to increase their appreciation for the work of the helping professions among people with neurological impairment and psychosocial dysfunction.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-5-4.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4224

Child Abnormal Psychology

This course is an advanced course in child abnormal psychology. It is intended to build a foundation of knowledge and concepts necessary in the specialised area of child clinical psychology, by focusing on theory, research and clinical application in the area of childhood psychological disorders. Theories that will be highlighted include developmental psychopathology, the diathesis-stress model and cultural diversity modules. Psychological disorders relevant to the following periods of development will be discussed: infancy/early childhood; school age; adolescence. The seminars will consist of lectures, as well as in-class, small-group discussion of current clinical topics and selected research papers.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3-6.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4225

Psychology of Gender

This course reviews historical and cultural perspectives of the psychology of gender. Various genetic, biological, and social determinants of gender differences in physical and sexual attributes, cognitive abilities, personality, and social behaviours are examined. Socialisation processes by way of parenting, play, school and media will be explored with regard to gender roles and stereotypes. Consequences of gender bias will be discussed in relation to individual development, education, vocation, media, and physical and mental health. New trends in gender relations, as well as gender conflicts and abuses of power such as battering, sexual assault, and sexual harassment will be explored.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4226

Correctional Psychology

This course seeks to equip students with an understanding of criminal behaviour and the criminal justice agencies' response to offending in the local settings. Students will be introduced to psychological theories of criminal behaviours, psychopathology associated with offending, offender assessments, offender programming, re-entry initiatives, professional practice and research.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-0-9.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4227

Behavioral Genetics for Social Scientists

The DNA revolution is coming of age also in the social sciences. The purpose of this course is to introduce students, without a biology or chemistry background, to the basic concepts needed to understand genomics and how to apply these ideas in their own field of study. Topics to be covered include Mendelian Genetics, Quantitative Genetics QTL (twin studies, heritability), Basics of Molecular Genetics, Complex Traits- Relationship between Phenotype and Genotype, Nature and Nurture, Epigenetics, Imaging genetics, Personality Genetics, Social Behavior, Addiction, Mental Disorders & Human Diversity.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3-6.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4228

Criminal Forensic Psychology

Criminal forensic psychology is the intersection between psychology and the criminal justice system, which involves the understanding of criminal law in the relevant jurisdictions in order to interact appropriately with the legal professionals. The course will introduce students to the relevant sentencing and evidentiary issues, as well as the literature on the assessment and management of violent and sexual offending behaviours, amongst other problem behaviours. In addition, the course will explore areas relating to eyewitness testimony in children. Further, the association between personality disorders and offending behaviours, as well as the relevant assessment and management issues will be examined.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3.5-6
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), which should include PL3235 and PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), which should include PL3235 and PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4229

Psychological Therapies

This module aims to introduce students to the main orientations of psychological therapy including psychodynamic psychotherapy, behavioural and cognitive therapies, and systemic therapies, amongst others. Theoretical underpinnings, specific therapeutic techniques, applications to particular psychiatric disorders or psychological problems, methods of evaluation, levels of empirical support, mechanisms of change, and ethical and professional issues will be covered. Seminars will include didactic teaching, class discussions, clinical case studies, selected articles, and where possible, video footage.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-0-9.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4230

Mindful Psychology

Mindful Psychology is an integration of Western and Buddhist psychology, mindfulness and neuroscience. This unique integration takes essential elements of these disciplines and blends them into a new way of understanding the human psyche, emotional suffering and healthy psychological development. The aim of this course is to address questions such as: What is Mindful Psychology and how does mindfulness practice relate to healthy psychological development? What are the theoretical and philosophical underpinnings of this emerging discipline? This course will introduce students to the scientific research, applications and future trends in Mindful Psychology.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3.5-6
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed a minimum of 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed a minimum of 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4231

Personality Biology, Economics and Wellbeing

Personality measures have gained traction in Economics, Psychiatry and Health Psychology as potential predictors of wellbeing and social and economic achievement. Students will read key articles showing the relationship between personality, economics, wellbeing and social success. The student will explore through interactive discussions the role of hard wiring mediated by genetic polymorphisms, as well as environment, in shaping individual personalities and how personality impacts individual trajectories across the life span.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3.5-6
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132, PL3241 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), which should include PL3235 and PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132, PL3241 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), which should include PL3235 and PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4232

Psychology of Organizational Processes

This module provides students with knowledge of organizational psychology and the behavior of people in today’s complex organizations. A variety of organizational processes will be examined, including motivation, leadership, group dynamics, justice and ethics, organizational climate, and decision-making. The effective management of people is a key requirement for organizational functioning. This module covers the psychological concepts and theories concerning the administration and management of organizations, groups, and individuals.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132, PL3239 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132, PL3239 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4233

Psychology of Negotiation

This module will provide an overview of the science of negotiation, drawing largely upon the theories and research in organizational psychology and social psychology. Students will learn basic and classic issues in the field including distributive and integrative bargaining, as well as the cognitive, motivational, and emotional processes that inhibit or facilitate effectiveness in negotiating. Students will also be introduced to complex issues including multi-party negotiations, third-party negotiations, agency and ethics, and cross-cultural negotiations.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132, PL3239 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132, PL3239 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): SW3208
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4234

Patient and Health Care

This module is designed to increase knowledge and understanding of health psychology as an applied science. The module focuses on understanding developmental and lifespan frameworks in the experience of illness and disease; exploring patients' experiences in the health-care system; and developing an appreciation of factors that may lead to patient harm and adverse events in the context of health care delivery.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-6.5-3
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132, PL3242 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132, PL3242 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4235

The Psychology of Moral Judgments

This module will introduce students to the study of the origins, development, and cognitive processing of morality. The module will cover the history of moral psychology, and the shift from cognitive-developmentalist theories of reasoning-based morality to the current social intuitionist theory of intuition and emotion based morality. The course debates whether morality is innate, intuitive, emotion-driven, reasoned, learned, or a dual process. In doing so, we will explore infants' and children's moral development, moral emotions, morality through neuroscience, morality across culture and in politics, and moral dilemmas from philosophical thought experiments.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3.5-6
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), which should include PL3234 and PL3235, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), which should include PL3234 and PL3235, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): YSS4206A Topics in Psychology: Moral Judgements
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4236

Autism Spectrum and Related Conditions

Autism Spectrum Conditions affect social and communication development in approximately 1 in 100 individuals. This module will cover the history, presentation, diagnostic process and challenges, genetics and neurobiology, etiological theories, assessment and evidence-based interventions for individuals with Autism Spectrum and related neurodevelopmental conditions across the life-span. Emphasis will be given to recent research and empirically validated neurobiological, developmental and psychological theoretical perspectives and understanding the high comorbidity in ASC. This module will also explore the presentation of autistic traits in the general population, family and relatives of those with ASC and in those with other disorders (“the autism continuum”).


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-4-5.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), which should include PL3234 and PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), which should include PL3234 and PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4237

Evidence-Based Treatments for Trauma

This module will provide an overview of evidence- based treatments that are empirically supported as efficacious for treating trauma and stress-related disorders, including cognitive-behavioural therapies such as trauma-focused therapy, cognitive processing therapy, skills training in affective and interpersonal regulation, prolonged exposure, acceptance and commitment therapy, virtual reality, motivational interviewing among others, and body-focused treatments such as meditation and mindfulness. Theoretical underpinnings of stress-related disorders, application of specific therapeutic techniques for trauma treatment, methods of evaluation, empirical support for mechanisms of change, and ethical and cultural considerations will be covered. Seminars will include didactic presentations, video vignettes, and discussion.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-0.5-9
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132, PL3254 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 – PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132, PL3254 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 – PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4238

Social Neuroscience

Social Neuroscience uses biological concepts and methods to understand social emotion and behaviour. Topics to be covered include the neural basis of self-representation and theory of mind; the neural signature of social pain and social reward; and the neurobiological mechanisms underlying cooperation, emotion regulation, and inequity aversion. The influence of culture on the neural responses to social stimuli and the neural mechanisms underlying social cognition deficits in psychiatric disorders such as autism will also be explored. In this module, we will review seminal and most recent research on these topics and discuss implications for understanding human behaviour.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3.5-6
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), which should include PL3232 and PL3235, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), which should include PL3232 and PL3235, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4239

Social Psychology of the Unconscious

Conscious awareness is a prized possession of mankind. Lay people and philosophers alike ascribe sacred values to people’s capacity for conscious thoughts, reasoning, and behaviour. However, social psychology research demonstrates the powerful influence of the unconscious, mechanisms that occur without conscious awareness, on high-level mental processes. In this module, students will be exposed to an array of research revealing how the unconscious affects social perception, social behaviour, goal pursuit, and complexed decision making. Students will acquire a basic understanding of how the unconscious operates and appreciate the real-life implications of the unconscious in consumer behaviour, public opinion, and legal decisions.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3-6.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3235, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3235, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): PL4880I
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4240

Emotion and Psychopathology

This course will examine the history and current status of research on emotion especially in relation to psychopathology. The background philosophy and two different traditions stemming from Plato and Aristotle will be summarised. Modern day approaches will be considered, and dimensional versus categorical approaches will be reviewed with their implications for clinical practice. Approaches to normal versus abnormal emotions will be considered, with analysis of how the five basic emotions of anxiety, anger, disgust, sadness, and happiness provide a framework for understanding emotional disorders. Therapy that focuses on emotion experience, expression, and regulation will be reviewed.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): PL4880N
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4241

Exploring Consciousness – Theory and Neuroscience

Perceptual consciousness allows us to interact with the world that we live in through touch, sight, sound, smell and taste. In addition, conscious decision-making (free will) allows us to interact with our surroundings in ways that fulfil our goals and desires. In this course, we will discuss neuroscientific, psychological and philosophical investigations on conscious perception and decision-making. We will discuss the methods used to study it, and importantly, highlight the limitations of our current understanding in the field.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), which should include PL3232 and PL3233, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), which should include PL3232 and PL3233, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4401

Honours Thesis

Each student selects a topic for research and works under the supervision of a member of the teaching staff. The research work is presented as a thesis for examination. The Honours Thesis carries an equivalent weight of three modules. Please register PL4401 manually with the Department.


Modular Credits: 15
Workload: 0-0-0-37.5-0
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2015 and before: Completed 110 MCs, including 60 MCs of PL major requirements, with a minimum CAP of 3.50.

Cohort 2016 onwards: Completed 110 MCs, including 44 MCs of PL major requirements, with a minimum CAP of 3.50.
Preclusion(s): PL4660
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4501

Integrated Thesis

The Integrated Thesis is a single thesis that satisfies both the Master's thesis and Honours thesis requirements of the Psychology Concurrent Degree Programme. The Integrated Thesis is pitched at the Master's level and should thus entail original research that contributes to new knowledge. Similar to PL4401 Honours Thesis, the Integrated Thesis carries an equivalent weight of three 4000-level modules and is done under the supervision of a member of the teaching staff.


Modular Credits: 15
Workload: 0-0-0-37.5-0
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2015 and before: Completed 110 MCs, including 60 MCs of PL major requirements, with a minimum CAP of 3.50. Students should be enrolled in the Concurrent Degree Programme and be in good standing. Registration is subject to departmental consent.

Cohort 2016 onwards: Completed 110 MCs, including 44 MCs of PL major requirements, with a minimum CAP of 3.50. Students should be enrolled in the Concurrent Degree Programme and be in good standing. Registration is subject to departmental consent.
Preclusion(s): PL4401
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4660

Independent Study

The Independent Study Module is designed to enable the student to explore an approved topic within the discipline in depth. The student should approach a lecturer to work out an agreed topic, readings, and assignments for the module. A formal, written agreement is to be drawn up, giving a clear account of the topic, programme of study, assignments, evaluation, and other pertinent details. Head's and/ or Honours Coordinator's approval of the written agreement is required. Regular meetings and reports are expected. Evaluation is based on 100% Continuous Assessment and must be worked out between the student and the lecturer prior to seeking departmental approval. Please register PL4660 manually with the Department.

Note: Students are reminded that performing a literature review alone will not be sufficient to meet the requirements of this module. Some form of data processing/analysis need to be conducted. The data may come from a primary source (data collection from participants) or an archival source.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-0-0-0-12.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 100 MCs, including 60 MCs in PL, with a minimum CAP of 3.50.

Cohort 2012-2015: Completed 100 MCs, including 60 MCs in PL, with a minimum CAP of 3.20.

Cohort 2016 onwards: Completed 100 MCs, including 44 MCs in PL, with a minimum CAP of 3.20.
Preclusion(s): PL4401
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4880

Topics in Psychology

One or more topics not covered in other Honours modules can be periodically offered under this heading, depending upon the interests of students and staff.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-0-9.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4880C

Issues in Testing and Research

Every aspect of the scientific enterprise, from conception of a project to dissemination through the popular media, is fraught with conflict. This course will sensitise students to some of the concerns, including the role of funding agencies, publication decisions, measurement issues, null hypothesis significance testing, selective reporting of data, double blind studies, introspection, and philosophical challenges to scientific methodology. There will be discussion of potential problems of various research designs, including surveys, comparative research, and archival research.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3-6.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4880F

Addictive Behaviours

This module introduces students to major contemporary perspectives on addictive behaviours. Topics to be covered include the aetiology, assessment, prevention, and treatment of substance-related and 'behavioural' (e.g., gambling, eating) addictions. Recent research and clinical advances in related areas such as behavioural genetics, dual diagnosis, contingency management, cognitive expectancy, and motivational enhancement will also be explored.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3236, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4880G

Positive Psychology

Positive Psychology is the study of how people thrive despite external obstacles and their own human frailties. The aim of this course is to address questions such as: What are the positive psychological mind-states and action sequences that promote flourishing lives, and how can we live life well? What are the behaviours and cognitions that undermine wellbeing? This course will introduce students to the scientific research and issues in positive psychology, and will explore the meaning and implications of positive psychology towards a global understanding of wellbeing.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3.5-6
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3235, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3235, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4880H

Sport Psychology

The application of sport psychology is becoming an integral part of elite sports performance. The purpose of this course is to introduce students, without a background in sport psychology, to the basic concepts needed to understand sport psychology and its application. Topics to be covered include Psychological Skills Training, Peak Performance, Performance Profiling, Goal Setting, Performance Review, Motivation, Psychophysiology, Relaxation, Activation, Imagery, Self-Talk, Concentration, Team Building, and, Competition Routines.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3.5-6
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4880J

The Right and Left Brain

Brain lateralization is the notion that each of our cerebral hemispheres ("the left and the right brain") has its own unique processing strength. Among the various techniques employed to understand how the left and right brain function, divided visual field (DVF) stands out as a widely-used non-invasive behaviour-based method and thus will constitute a major focus of this module. Students will be exposed to discussions on the historical and theoretical background to, and application of DVF in understanding brain lateralization, either by itself or combined with brain recording/imaging methods. A demonstration of divided visual field method will be conducted.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3232, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3232, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4880K

Parenting and Child Development

This course examines the various aspects of parental influence on children’s development, with a focus on cultural differences in parenting practices. Topics to be covered include a critical evaluation of the cross-cultural relevance of parenting styles and the concept of emotional availability in accounting for differences in children’s developmental outcomes. The notion of “good enough parenting” and parenting as a bi-directional process will be analysed. The course concludes with a discussion of whether parents are the most important source of influence, bearing in mind the many other domains of influence in children’s lives, such as peers.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 – PL3236), in which one must be PL3234, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3234, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4880L

Applying Cognitive Psychology to Learning & Instruction

This module will explore the cognitive processes that underlie learning in educational contexts. We will examine: (i) the factors that influence effective encoding, organisation, and subsequent retrieval of knowledge, (ii) how learners monitor and regulate their learning, and (iii) how expertise is acquired. We will also delve into the scientific literature to evaluate the effectiveness of various study/instructional strategies, and compare the research findings against our own intuitions (i.e., how we learn best may not correspond to how we think we learn best). We will consider the implications of cognitive science research for enhancing educational practice.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 – PL3236), in which one must be PL3233, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 – PL3236), in which one must be PL3233, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4880M

Social Psychology and Technology

Technology has changed the way humans live, think and interact. New technologies that emerged over the past few decades have also changed the way that psychologists study human behaviour. This module aims to provide students with broad-based overview of social psychological theories and principles in technologically-supported social interactions. Through this module, students will also be introduced to new methodological techniques of studying social behaviour, e.g. mobile and social sensing to measure real-life behaviour, as well as state-of-the-art technology in studying behaviour in teams and organizations.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3-6.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3235, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3235, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4880P

Psychology of Religion

Religion is ubiquitous across cultures and highly influential in many individuals' lives, society, and history. This module examines religion through cognitive, developmental, social, and evolutionary psychology. Key questions that will be examined are: Why do people believe in gods and perform rituals? What psychological processes support religious beliefs, behaviours, and experiences? What are the social effects of religion? What is the relationship between religion and morality? The module also examines methods and issues in studying religion empirically.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3-6.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 – PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4880Q

Psychology of Bilingualism

This module covers central issues in the fields of bilingualism/multilingualism. Seminars will include the following topics: bilingual language acquisition and processing; bilingual literacy skills; brain bases of bilingualism; cognitive consequences associated with bilingualism. Reading material is supplemented with local case studies to facilitate discussion of issues relevant to language and cognitive processes in bilingual populations. Students are expected to become familiar with the nature of language and cognitive processing in bilinguals.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3233, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3233, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4880R

Issues in Adolescent Development

This module will focus on developmental processes of adolescence, and will seek to further examine these processes in the context of Singapore and Asia. Specifically, themes such as parent-adolescent relations, educational experiences and processes, and various adolescent challenges would be explored in depth.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-2-7.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3234, with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), in which one must be PL3234, with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL4880S

Programme Evaluation in the Social Service Sector

Programme evaluation is essential in the social service sector. It helps policy makers and practitioners to determine whether a programme, for instance a psychological intervention, fundamentally improves its clients’ wellbeing. Through this systematic process, evaluators identify opportunities for improvements and make recommendations to programme owners for subsequent implementation.

This module aims to provide students with the knowledge and skills to conduct a simple programme evaluation within the social service sector. Students will also learn to appreciate the challenges of conducting real world research and develop strategies to overcome these challenges.


Modular Credits: 5
Workload: 0-3-0-3-6.5
Prerequisite(s):
Cohort 2011 and before: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.50 or be on the Honours track.
Cohort 2012 onwards: Completed 80 MCs of which student must have passed PL1101E, PL2131, PL2132 and 4 out of the 5 core modules (PL3232 - PL3236), with a minimum CAP of 3.20 or be on the Honours track.
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL5221

Analysis of Psychological Data Using GLM

This module addresses the use of the general linear for the analysis of psychological data including multiple regression and various forms of analysis of variance. Among the topics that may be covered are correlation and multiple regression, randomized groups analysis of variance, repeated measures analysis of variance, and mixed models. Emphasis will be placed on the development of skills through hands-on data analysis and interpretation.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-3-0-5-2
Prerequisite(s): PL2101Y/PL2131 and PL2132 or consent of instructor
Preclusion(s): PL5102/PL6102
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL5222

Multivariate Statistics In Psychology

This module introduces students to the use of multivariate methods for the analysis of psychological data. Included among the methods to be covered may be canonical correlation, discriminant function analysis, multivariate analysis of variance, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modelling. Emphasis will be placed on the development of skills for multivariate data analysis through hands-on analysis and interpretation of datasets.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-3-0-5-2
Prerequisite(s): PL2101Y/PL2131 and PL2132, or consent of instructor
Preclusion(s): PL4204
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL5225

Structural Equation Modeling

This module with introduce the ideas of structural equation modelling and its relationship to other current statistical models. Specifically, regression analysis, path analysis, confirmatory factor analysis will be formulated within the general framework of structural equation modelling. Advanced topics, such as ordinal data analysis, missing data, multiple-group analysis and latent growth models, will also be covered. After the course, students are expected to know how to conduct the analysis and interpret the results themselves.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-3-0-5-2
Prerequisite(s): PL2101Y/PL2131, PL2132 and PL5221, or consent of instructor
Preclusion(s): Nil
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL5303

Advanced Cognitive Psychology

This module surveys recent advances in cognitive psychology and is targeted at graduate students and advanced undergraduates who have an interest in cognitive science. Students will be introduced to the foundations and basic philosophy behind contemporary approaches to cognition such as the symbolic, connectionist, ecological, dynamic, and embodied movements. We will examine the applications of these approaches to recent research in selected topics from the areas of perception, memory, language, creativity, consciousness, and intelligent behaviour. Prior exposure to cognitive psychology at the undergraduate level is required.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-3-0-4-3
Prerequisite(s): PL3233 or consent of instructor
Preclusion(s): PL6222
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL5304

Advanced Developmental Psychology

The module explores current research in developmental psychology and is relevant to graduate students with research interests in this area. The module aims to give students the opportunity to gain an understanding of core theories and methodology used in developmental psychology. Topics discussed will cover current research in selected topics from areas of infant, child, and adolescent psychology. Prior exposure to developmental psychology at the undergraduate level is required.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-3-0-4-3
Prerequisite(s): Nil
Preclusion(s): PL6205
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL5305

Advanced Social Psychology

The aim of this module is to provide postgraduate students with an in depth knowledge of selected topics in social psychology, such as social influence, interpersonal relationships and applied social psychology. This knowledge is based on both a historical perspective and an overview of the current research and theory in this field. Students will read a sampling of classic articles as well as review current research and theory on selected topics. Classes will consist of lectures, discussion and student presentations.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-3-0-3-4
Prerequisite(s): PL3235 or consent of instructor
Preclusion(s): PL6223
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL5306

Advanced Clinical Psychology

This module provides students with advanced knowledge in clinical psychology from historical as well as from the latest conceptual and empirical perspectives. The implications of life-span psychology, psychopathology, personality theory, neuropsychology, and competing systems of clinical psychology for multi-cultural clinical understanding, clinical epistemology, and clinical judgment will be critically reviewed.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-3-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): Nil
Preclusion(s): PL6210
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL5307

Advanced Health Psychology

This module provides an overview of current research being undertaken in health psychology. Topics to be covered will vary from semester to semester but may include, health behaviour, stress and its relationship to health, illness cognition, illness behaviour, patient-practitioner interaction, psychological factors in hospitalization, chronic illness, death and dying, psychological research on pain as well as applications of health psychology for cancer, heart disease and other health conditions.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-3-0-2-5
Prerequisite(s): Nil
Preclusion(s): PL6202
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week

PL5308

Advanced Cognitive Neuroscience

Over the last decades, the study of human cognition has extended its focus to include neuroimaging techniques such as electroencephalography (EEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) among others. This allowed researchers to investigate cognitive processes as they unfold in time and to relate these processes to neuronal structures and networks. In this module, students will review this research and critically evaluate whether and how it advanced our understanding of human cognition.


Modular Credits: 4
Workload: 0-3-0-5-2
Prerequisite(s): Admission to the NUS psychology graduate program or approval by the lecturer
Preclusion(s): PL6204
Cross-listing(s): Nil

Workload Components: A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial/seminar hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc. per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week


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